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Varie domande sul wudu, la salah e i rapporti con i genitori

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MessaggioInviato: Mar Apr 20, 2010 2:33 pm    Oggetto: Varie domande sul wudu, la salah e i rapporti con i genitori Rispondi citando

Pubblico di seguito le domande che ho posto in privato al rispettato Mufti Moosa con le relative risposte, avendo avuto il suo permesso. Trattandosi in origine di messaggi privati, mancano le prove a sostegno delle diverse risposte. Se qualcuno fosse interessato, informerò il mufti a riguardo, così che possa provvedere, in sha' Allah.

assalamu 'alaykum warahmatulLahi wabarakatuH

I hope Allah keeps you always in the best of health and iman, and constantly increases your knowledge for your benefit and that of His creatures.

I would like to ask a number of questions regarding issues in which I am involved at present:

1) sometimes it happens to me to pronounce the wrong letters in recitation, unintentionally, just because the letter comes out the wrong way without me expecting it. This happens basically with the heavy letters sad, dad, tad, dhad, which i mispronounce as sin, dal, ta and dhal. I am able to pronounce them correctly, but sometimes the tongue just does not go in the proper position, and the wrong letter slips out of my mouth. Does this invalidate the prayer? Up to now, following what an imam friend of mine told me, I made sajdah sahw whenever such an error occurred. Is this correct? Should I act differently? Do I need to repeat any prayer?

2) if a prayer is not valid but I understand it the following day, do I need to repeat all the prayers I prayed after the non valid one, as well?

3) If I have these two options when making wudu:
a) making it in the toilet, with flowing water, being sure that enough water reaches each part that must be reached but being basically in a makruh situation;
b) making it from a small basin, anywhere else, but having doubts whether enough water has reached the skin and whether the water can be used, because some drops of used water fall from my arm and hair into the basin;
What option should I favour?
Are past wudus valid if while washing the left foot, the water used for it flowed under the right foot, already washed, touching it? If not, do I need to repeat prayers prayed with such a wudu? I do not know exactly how many they are.

4) I study in London, alhamdu lilLah, and my unbelieving parents live in Italy. Sometimes they come to London for some days, and sometimes I go back to Italy for some weeks. Whenever they are with me, they complain about my spending not enough time with them, because of the prayers, and to be obsessed by the need to pray even when I am with them (if I feel in a situation where the time for the prayer could pass without me finding a way to pray. They do not want me to pray in the open, as well, so, if needed, this causes hatred and discussions). My prayers last usually about half an hour, because I pray the sunnah muakkadah and make some awrad. Also, when I am in Italy, I pray on my own, because the mosque opens almost only for isha and the fryday prayer, and my parents do not want me to go out alone in the late evening. It would also take me more distant from my family, to go to the mosque for each payer. I insist on the fryday prayer, though, and they accepted it, alhamdu lilLah.
The question is: should I leave the sunnah muakkadah and the wird while whith my parents, if this causes them great stress? Is my temporary leaving of the jama'at permissible?
Also, what should I do when they are backbiting or eating and drinking haram and I am sitting with them for lunch (without doing haram myself)? Am I the same as them because I am in their company? Or, given that they are my family, is it actually better to be patient and just avoid doing the haram myself? I want to give them da'wah, but I want to do it through my better behaviour towards them first, in sha' Allah, since we do not have enough knowledge yet to argue beneficially. They do not want to be informed now, and I do not have enough arguments myself.
I do know that obedience to my parents and good behaviour towards others cannot involve disobeying our Lord, and this is the problem: I am often confused about what is disobeying Him and what is giving others their good rights, since even family relations seem to involve the haram.
Please, give me your advice, that Allah may open for all of us the way to His pleasure.

Could you also suggest me a text I can look into to know what things are haram and what are halal, in manners, food, behaviour, social relations, ecc.? And what is obligatory and necessary apart from the five pillars (for example, it took me some time to understand that care towards one's relative was actually compulsory, and not just a good precept).

Jazakum Allahu khayran

Respected Brother Simone,

Wa’alaykum as Salām wa raḥmatullāhi wa barakātuhu,

It is good to hear from you. I trust that you enjoying the best of health and Imān, inshā Allāh. Hereunder follows the responses to your queries:

1) Although the original Fatwā (verdict) is that if the meaning changes due to not pronouncing a word correctly, the prayer will be invalid, the latter day scholars have mentioned that if a non Arab (or person not accustomed to the Arabic language) makes such an error, his prayer will still be valid. Thus, if after making an effort, you still pronounce the word incorrectly; your prayer will be valid. There will be no need for Sajda sahw. After making the error, you should just complete your prayer as normal.

2) The ruling of this depends whether you are a Ṣāhib tartīb or not. A Ṣāḥib tartīb is a person who has less than six prayers omitted. For him, it will be compulsory to make up for all his prayers in order. Hence, if his prayer is not valid and he repeats it the next day, he will have to repeat all the prayers after the invalid prayer.
However, if he is not a Ṣāḥib tartīb (i.e. he has more than 6 omitted prayers), then he will only have to repeat the invalid prayer and not those that were prayed thereafter.

3.a) If the water is coming from a tap (i.e. you are not using the same water in which drops fell, rather you are using new water from the tap), it will be better to make wudhu outside. Only one drop has to fall from each organ, thereafter, you can just rub the water to make the remaining part of the organ wet. Thus, you don’t have to put your whole hand for example under flowing water.

b) All the wudhu’s are valid. You do not have to repeat any prayer. The water which falls of any limb is not impure in itself; it is only not permissible to use that water for washing another limb. In this instance, since your right foot was already washed, the wudhu will be valid, irrespective of the water flowing from the left foot back onto the already washed right foot.

4) Alḥamdulillah, it is great to know that your parents now know that you are a Muslim. Until your parents get acquainted with Islām, it will be permissible for you to only suffice on the fardh and wājib (witr) prayers and omit the rest (Sunan Muakkadah, Jamāt etc). However, once they get familiar the ruling will change.

You should remember that Islam exhorts one to be kind and dutiful to his parents even if they are disbelievers. Allah Ta’ala says,

واعبدوا الله ولا تشركوا به شيئا وبالوالدين إحسانا

“Worship Allah, do not associate any partners with him and be kind to your parents.”

ووصينا الإنسان بوالديه حسنا

“We admonish men to be kind to his parents.”

However, the obedience of Allah and his Messenger صلي الله عليه وسلم takes preference over the obedience of one’s parents. Nabi صلي الله عليه وسلم has said,

عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : ( لا طاعة لبشر في معصية الله جل وعلا ((أخرجه ابن حبان في صحيحه – (10 / 430(

“There is no obedience for any human if it entails the disobedience of Allah.”

Allah Ta’ala has said,

قل إن كان آباؤكم وأبنآؤكم وإخوانكم وأزواجكم وعشيرتكم وأموال اقترفتموها وتجارة تخشون كسادها ومساكن ترضونها أحب إليكم من الله ورسوله وجهاد في سبيله فتربصوا حتى يأتي الله بأمره والله لا يهدي القوم الفاسقين

“Say: If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your kindred, the wealth that you have gained, the commerce in which you fear a decline, and the dwellings in which you delight are dearer to you than Allaah and His Messenger, and striving hard and fighting in His Cause, then wait until Allaah brings about His Decision (torment). And Allaah guides not the people who are Al-Fasiqoon (the rebellious, disobedient to Allaah)” [al-Tawbah 9:24]

Furthermore, by continuing your good relationship with your parents, there is a great possibility that this will lead to them accepting Islam.

In spite of all this, you also cannot compromise on the emphatic command of Nabi صلي الله عليه وسلم where he said,

ومن كان يؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر فلا يجلس على مائدة يدار عليها الخمر (أخرجه الترمذي في سننه- (5 / 113)

“Whoever beliefs in Allah and the last day should not sit at that tablecloth upon which liquor is served.”(Tirmidhi 5/113)

Thus, if your parents are eating or drinking ḥarām, it will not be permissible for you to sit with them. You could inform your parents that pork and alcohol is not permitted in Islam and that they should respect your beliefs. If they do not succumb, then you will not join them for meals. When they see your determination, they might then give in and start to adapt to your Islamic requirements.

Likewise, if they begin to backbite, you should politely leave the gathering. Pretend as if there is some work or you need to go to the bathroom. Thus, you will not be part of the sin nor will you be abrupt to your parents.

By obeying these commands of Allāh with diplomacy and wisdom, it will not affect your da’wāh. In fact, your determination might be a better means of da’wāh.

5) The best book to read is Bahishti Zewar which is available in English.

May Allāh Ta’ālā grant your parents Hidāyah and make you a scholar of His Dīn, Āmin.


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MessaggioInviato: Mar Apr 20, 2010 2:38 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Jazakum Allahu khayran, respected mufti,
wa'alaykumussalam warahmatulLahi wabarakatuH

I am not sure whether I understood your anwers correctly, please forgive me for taking more of your time.

1) do I need to repeat the prayers in which I made sajdah sahw, when I was following what my friend told me?

2) if a prayer is valid but has to be repeated (such as if a wajib action has been omitted and no sajdah sahw made afterwards), does the same rule apply?

3) is wudhu valid if a few drops fall from the arm into the small basin containing the water? Will I need to change the water, if this happen? What about past prayers prayed with this occurring?

I also need to ask two more questions to know about the validity of a salah:

a)While reciting, I had the intention to recite a certain surah, but by mistake I recited the first two letters of another surah, then stopped and recited the one I intended. This also because otherwise I would have not been able to keep the order of the Qur'an. What is the ruling in such instances?

b)Is sajdah sahw required if, when sitting to recite at-tashahood, I resite the first few words of something else, then stop and recite at-tashahood?

Jazakum Allahu khayran,
May Allah bless you in this life and the other,

Simone Dario Nardella

Dearest Brother Simone Dario Nardella,

Assalāmu ‘alaykum wa raḥmatullāhi wa barakātuhu,

Please do not feel difficult in asking, I am really here for you. It is an honour for me to be at your service. Herewith follows the responses to your queries:

1) You do not have to repeat any of the prayers in which you made sajdā sahw.

2) If a wājib was omitted and a person forgetfully leaves out the sajdā sahw, it will only be compulsory for him to repeat the prayer if he remembers in that specific prayers time. For example, during Dhuhr prayer a person forgot the tashahud and he also dd not make sajdā sahw; if he remembers that he omitted this compulsory act while there is still time left for Dhuhr, it will be compulsory upon him to repeat the prayers. However, if he only remembered after the time of Dhuhr expired, he will not have to repeat the prayers.

The above applies if a person omitted the sajdā sahw unintentionally. If he purposefully left out the sajdā sahw, he will have to repeat the prayer irrespective whether he remembers in that prayers time or thereafter.

3) Yes, if water drips from the limb you washed back into the small basin, you will have to get new water. You should repeat the past prayers which you performed if you made wudhū with such water.

4) It is makrūh to leave the surah you were reading and jump to the one you intended. Firstly, according to Ḥanafies the best is not to intend a surah from before. Whatever Allāh Ta’ālā puts in your heart, you should read. Of course, you should maintain the principles of tartīb (reading in order) etc.

However, if you intended a Surah, and after Surah Fatiḥāh you mistakenly commenced another Surah, then you should simply complete this Surah. You should not leave this Surah and go to the one you intended.

However, if you did leave the Surah and went to the one you initially intended, your prayer will be valid and there wont be a need to repeat it.

5) Yes, in such an instance you should perform the sajdā sahw.

Hope that answers your queries. Please feel free to contact me should you have any further questions.

Jazākallāhu khairan.

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MessaggioInviato: Mar Apr 20, 2010 2:41 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

wa'alaykumussalamu warahmatulLahi wabarakatuH

Jazakum Allahu khayran, respected mufti. These are glad tidings: in sha' Allah my 'ibadah is proper (at least in its exterior part) up to now.

Would the water for the wudu be unusable also if I use my hand to take it from the basin? Meaning, instead of pouring it on the body directly from the basin, taking a handful from the basin and pouring it from the hand rubbing the skin at the same time? Because the already washed hand would go, wet, in the pure water again and again. Would this be permissible?

Jazakum Allahu khayran
Simone Dario Nardella

Assalamu alaykum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu,

It is true that the more we learn Islam, the easier we find it. That is why they say, that Islam is the easiet for those who master Fiqh.

Coming to your query, yes, there will not be any problem in placing your wet hand back in the tub. In fact, this is the manner that the vast majority of Sahabah made wudhu.

And Allah Ta'ala knows best.

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