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Contraddizioni nel Corano?

 
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Sufi Aqa
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MessaggioInviato: Mar Apr 08, 2008 2:00 pm    Oggetto: Contraddizioni nel Corano? Rispondi citando

Più giù, al quinto messaggio dopo questo post (qui:
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) c'è la traduzione in italiano di questo articolo, a cura della sorella pensosa, Allah la ricompensi.

---

Contradictions in the Quran?
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The following is a set of questions from Christians. Their aim is to prove inconsistency in the Quran and mislead simple minded Muslims and invite them to Christianity. We advice you to take out time to study this document and educate yourself, in order to guard your Deen. We have made a brief summary of the questions at the beginning of each answer, to facilitate the reader.

- Mufti Ebrahim Desai

QUESTIONS

"Greetings to you in the precious Name of the Saviour.

I am aware that Muslims regard the Qur’an as ‘nazil’, i.e. sent down and that it was given by ‘wahy’ (inspiration). You therefore regard the Qur’an very highly.

So let us proceed. I am going to trust that since you value the Qur’an so highly, you will check the references given. It will be too lengthy to write them all out

1. In S.4:82 we are told to consider the Qur’an. The emphasis of importance of the Q is further stated in S6:34 and S10:64. So if the words of Allah cannot be changed —then surely, to be consistent you must believe this of the Scriptures that preceded the Q? Namely the Old and New Testaments. The Q claims to follow, protect and confirm the Scriptures of Jews and Christians which preceded it - S3:81, 6:92, 35:31 and 46:12.

2. Pharaoh was drowned with his army (S17:102—103). S10:90-92 tells us that he was rescued.

3. S2:62 tells us that Muslims, Christians and Sabeans are saved. S3:85 tells us only Muslims are saved. Jews and Christians have the curse of Allah on them (S9:30).

4. Dietary and Sabbath laws (S.16:114-119, 124) are contradicted in S16:101.

5. There is a change in retaliation laws for murder (S2:178, 17:33)

6. Days of creation are increased from 6 (S7:54, 25:59, 32:4) to 8 (S41:9-12).

7. There is to be no compulsion in religion (S2:256) but those who do not submit to Islam are to be slain (S9:5), beheaded (S47:4) or warred against (S8:39, 9:29).

8. Allah cursed all liars but Muhammad is permitted to break his own oath (S66:1-2).

9. S4:157 claims that Jesus did not die. S19:33 states that He died and rose again.

10. Punishment for adulteresses was changed from life mprisonrnent (S4:1S) to 100 lashes (S24:2), Yet homosexuals were not punished ii they repented (S4:16).

11. Widows are to be separate from society after their husbands have died for 4 months and10 days (S2:234). This period may also be one year (S2:240).

12. The Q states that the sun sets in a spring of murky water (S 18:86). This is certainly wrong.

13. S67:5, 72:6-9 tells us that stars and meteorites are missiles shot at evil spirits who try to eavesdrop on Quranic readings in heaven! Astronomy helps us here – not the Q.

14. The Q says that mountains are used by Allah as weights and tent pegs to stabilise and prevent the earth from shaking (S16:15, 21:31, 31:10, 78:6-7, 88:19). In fact the opposite is true. Mountain ranges result from the earth’s shaking as tectonic plates collide. Mountains don’t hold the earth down. They are a result of the earth being pushed up.

15. In S16:101-103 Muhammad was accused by the people of ‘being a forger’. Part of the text says that the man who teaches him has a foreign tongue. Historians tell us that this refers to the Salman the Persian who influenced Muhammad with regard to Zoroastrian religion.

16. S33:37 Allah gives Muhammad permission to marry Zaynab - she being the only wife of Zaid, Muhammad’s adopted son. Bear in mind Muhammad’s harem was already well-stocked with wives and who knows how many slave girls.

17. Why the unwholesome emphasis on sex in paradise, see S38:51, 44:54, 55:55-74, 56:22, 34-36?

18. In the first 89 Surahs, Moses’ confrontation with Pharaoh occurs 27 times, Why this mindless repetition?

19. The Q certainly does not try to hide the Sin of Muhammad (S40:55, 47:19, 48:1-2, 33:36-38 ) - Jesus was sinless (S19:19), To Whom should we listen?

20. S4:23 forbids marriage to 2 sisters at the same time. Mary (the Copt) and Shereena were sisters.

I think this is all for now.

A final word… I am hoping that we may become friends, even though we have to force one another to address hard issues. You see what is at stake is nothing lass than eternity… We are only on this earth for such a short time, but atleast we can help one another with eternity in view.
"


ANSWERS

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

At the outset, we wish to explain a few important facts regarding the Holy Quran before proceeding with the answering of the questions posed in the query.

Allah Ta’ala[1] has taken the responsibility of safeguarding the Holy Quran. Allah Ta’ala mentions in the Holy Quran:

إنا نحن نزلنا الذكر وإنا له لحافظون
Verily We have revealed the Reminder (Quran) and We shall certainly be its protectors. (Verse 15:9)[2]

Therefore, it is amongst the fundamental requirements for being a Muslim that one believes that the exact words revealed by Allah Ta’ala unto the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam[3]) have been preserved till today; and the words mentioned in the Holy Quran present today are the words of Allah Ta’ala Himself.

Secondly, the correct meaning of the Verses of the Holy Quran can only be understood through the guidance and teachings of our Beloved Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Merely being well versed in the Arabic language or having access to an English Translation of the Holy Quran will not suffice in achieving the correct understanding of the Holy Quran. The Arabs living in the time of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) were recognised for their expertise and eloquence in the Arabic language; yet the companions of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) were dependant on the guidance of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) to understand the correct meaning of the words of the Holy Quran. The scholars of Islam that came later have written commentaries (tafseers) of the Holy Quran, in the light of the guidance and teachings of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) that they had acquired from reliable sources, in order to facilitate the Muslims in understanding the words of the Holy Quran.

Thirdly, it has been a common practice of the disbelievers since the time of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) to raise objections in regards to the Holy Quran. During the lifetime of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), the infidels raised an objection that, had the Quran been the Word of Allah, it would not have made mention of repugnant creatures, like gnats, in its parables. Allah Ta’ala mentioned the following verses in the Holy Quran in response to these objections:

إن الله لا يستحيي أن يضرب مثلا ما بعوضة فما فوقها فأما الذين آمنوا فيعلمون أنه الحق من ربهم وأما الذين كفروا فيقولون ماذا أراد الله بهذا مثلا يضل به كثيرا ويهدي به كثيرا وما يضل به إلا الفاسقين
Indeed, Allah does not feel shy in citing any parable, be it that of a gnat or of something above it (in meanness). Now, as for those who believe, they know it is the truth from their Lord; while those who disbelieve say, ―What could Allah have meant by this parable? By this He lets many go astray, and by this He makes many find guidance. But He does not let anyone go astray thereby except those who are sinful (Verse: 2:26)

The Holy Quran points out that when the purpose is to describe something detestable, the use of a gnat or something even more repugnant neither transgresses the principles of eloquence or logic, nor does it go against the sense of dignity or modesty. Hence Allah Ta’ala does not feel shy in using such imagery. The Holy Quran also shows that doubts of this kind arise only in the minds of those whose disbelief has drained them of all power to see things in a proper perspective, while such empty misgivings never touch the minds and hearts of true believers.

(Ma’ariful Quran (English Translation) Vol.1 Pg.153 – Maktaba-e-Darul ‘Uloom Karachi)

Hereunder is a brief summary of the questions posed in the query and their answers.

(...)

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L'ultima modifica di Sufi Aqa il Sab Giu 23, 2012 2:07 am, modificato 5 volte
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MessaggioInviato: Gio Mag 22, 2008 1:47 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

salam alikom

Mi piacerebbe leggere e capire ciò scrito nel link del fratello umarandrea..però purtroppo non conosco bene l'inglese :cry: !!però sono curiosa di leggerlo...

wa alikom salam wa rahmato allah

_________________
9ad yatahawalu kulla shai diddak,
wa yab9a Allahu ma3ak,
fakun ma3a Allah,
yakun kulla shai ma3ak.

islam=pace
wa alikom salam wa rahmatu allah wa barakatuh
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MessaggioInviato: Gio Mag 22, 2008 3:11 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

mOuslima ha scritto:
salam alikom

Mi piacerebbe leggere e capire ciò scrito nel link del fratello umarandrea..però purtroppo non conosco bene l'inglese :cry: !!però sono curiosa di leggerlo...

wa alikom salam wa rahmato allah

Sorella mi hai dato lo spunto,inshAllah, per prodigarmi nella traduzione di quest' importante argomento...provvederò quanto prima.

Fra qualche giorno rivisita pure questo post, e la tua curiosità sarà appagata, insh'Allah :wink:

was-Salam alaykom wa RahmatuLlahi wa Barakatu!


L'ultima modifica di pensosa il Lun Gen 04, 2010 8:16 pm, modificato 1 volta
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MessaggioInviato: Ven Mag 23, 2008 4:46 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

pensosa ha scritto:
mOuslima ha scritto:
salam alikom

Mi piacerebbe leggere e capire ciò scrito nel link del fratello umarandrea..però purtroppo non conosco bene l'inglese :cry: !!però sono curiosa di leggerlo...

wa alikom salam wa rahmato allah

Sorella mi hai dato lo spunto,inshAllah, per prodigarmi nella traduzione di quest' importante argomento...provvederò quanto prima.

Fra qualche giorno rivisita pure questo post, e la tua curiosità sarà appagata, insh'Allah :wink:

was-Salam alaykom wa RahmatuLlahi wa Barakatu!


salam alikom!

Grazie mille sorella!!grazie..jazak allah khairan

_________________
9ad yatahawalu kulla shai diddak,
wa yab9a Allahu ma3ak,
fakun ma3a Allah,
yakun kulla shai ma3ak.

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wa alikom salam wa rahmatu allah wa barakatuh
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MessaggioInviato: Mer Mag 28, 2008 2:21 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Contraddizioni nel Corano?
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tradotto dalla "sorella pensosa"

Le seguenti sono una serie di domande fatte da dei cristiani. Il loro scopo è quello di provare l'incoerenza del Corano e di sviare le "menti semplici" di alcuni musulmani per invitarli al Cristianesimo. Ti consigliamo di prenderti un po' di tempo per studiare questo documento e per istruirti, in modo da salvaguardare la tua Religione. Abbiamo fatto un breve riassunto delle domande all'inizio di ciascuna risposta, per facilitare il lettore.

- Mufti Ebrahim Desai

DOMANDE

"Vi mando i miei saluti nel prezioso Nome del Salvatore.

Sono a conoscenza del fatto che i Musulmani considerino il Corano "nazil", ovvero fatto scendere (da Allah) e dato mediante "wahi", ovvero mediante ispirazione. Quindi avete una considerazione molto alta del Corano.

Andiamo avanti. Credo che poichè avete un considerazione tanto alta del Corano, andrete a controllare le referenze che riporto. Ci vorrebbe troppo tempo a scriverle tutte.

1. Nella Sura 4:82 ci viene detto di considerare il Corano. L'enfasi dell'importanza del Corano è ulteriormente dichiarata nella Sura 6:34 e nella Sura 10:64. Quindi se le parole di Allah non possono essere cambiate - allora sicuramente, per essere coerenti dovete credere questo delle Scritture che hanno preceduto il Corano? Ovvero Il Vecchio ed il Nuovo Testamento. Il Corano dichiara di seguire, proteggere e confermare le Scritture degli Ebrei e dei Cristiani che lo hanno preceduto - Sure3:81, 6:92, 35:31e 46:12.

2. Faraone fu affogato colla sua armata (Sura 17:102-103). La Sura 10:90-92 ci dice che egli venne salvato.

3. La Sura 2:62 ci dice che Musulmani, Cristiani ed Ebrei sono salvati. La Sura 3:85 ci dice che solo i Musulmani sono salvati. Ebrei e Cristiani hanno la maledizione di Allah su di loro. (Sura 9:30).

4. Le leggi dietetiche e quelle sul Sabbath (Sura 16:114 -119, 124) sono contraddette nella Sura 16:101.

5. C'é un cambiamento nelle leggi di vendetta per l'omicidio (Sure 2:178, 17:33)

6. I giorni della creazione passano da 6 (Sure 7:54, 25:59, 32:4) a 8 (Sura 41:9-12).

7. Non dev’esserci costrizione nella religione (Sura 2:256), ma coloro che non si sottomettono al l'Islam devono essere uccisi (Sura 9:5), decapitati (Sura 47:4), o combattuti (Sure 8:39, 9:29).

8. Allah ha maledetto tutti i bugiardi, ma Muhammad ha avuto il permesso di rompere il suo stesso giuramento (Sura 66:1-2).

9. La Sura 4:157 dichiara che Gesù non è morto. La Sura 19:33 dichiara che Gesù è morto e risorto.

10. La punizione per le donne che commettono adulterio venne cambiata dall'imprigionamento a vita (Sura 4:1S) a 100 frustate (Sura 24:2), tuttavia gli omosessuali non venivano puniti se si pentivano.(Sura 4:16)

11. Le vedove devono essere separate dalla società per 4 mesi e 10 giorni dopo la morte dei loro mariti, (Sura 2:234).Questo periodo potrebbe anche essere di un anno (Sura 2:240).

12. Il Corano dichiara che il sole tramonta in una sorgente di acqua torbida (Sura 18:86).Questo è senza dubbio sbagliato.

13. Le Sure 67:5 e 72:6-9 ci dicono che stelle e meteoriti sono missili lanciati agli spiriti maligni che provano a origliare le letture Coraniche nei cieli! L'astronomia ci aiuta qui - non il Corano.

14. Il Corano dichiara che le montagne sono usate da Allah come pesi e pioli per stabilizzare la terra ed evitare che essa tremi (Sure 16:15, 21:31, 31:10, 78:6-7, 88:19). In realtà è vero l'opposto. Le catene montuose sono il risultato del tremore della terra quando le placche tettoniche vanno in collisione. Le montagne non mantengono "giù" la terra. Sono un risultato della terra che viene spinta verso l'alto.

15. Nella Sura 16:101-103 Muhammad veniva accusato dalla gente di “essere un falsario”. Parte del testo dice che l'uomo che gli insegna è di lingua straniera. Gli storici ci dicono che questo si riferisce a Salman il Persiano che influenzò Muhammad riguardo alla religione Zoroastriana.

16. Nella Sura 33:37 Allah dà il permesso a Muhammad di sposare Zaynab - essendo lei l'unica moglie di Zaid, il figlio adottivo di Muhammad. Considera che l'harem di Muhammad era già bello colmo di mogli e chissà quante ragazze schiave.

17. Perche' l'inopportuna enfasi sul sesso in paradiso, vedi le Sure 38:51, 44:54, 55:55-74, 56:22, 34-36?

18. Nelle prime 89 Sure, il confronto tra Mosè e Faraone avviene 27 volte, perchè questa ripetizione insensata?

19. Il Corano non prova sicuramente a nascondere la colpa di Muhammad (Sure 40:55, 47:19, 48:1-2, 33:36-38 ) -Gesù era senza colpe (Sura 19:19), chi dovremmo stare a sentire?

20. La Sura 4:23 vieta il matrimonio con due sorelle allo stesso tempo. Maria (la copta) e Shereena erano sorelle.

Credo che questo sia tutto per ora.

Una parola finale...Spero che potremo diventare amici, anche se dobbiamo obbligarci a vicenda a parlare di questioni difficili. Ciò che è in ballo è niente di meno che l'eternità... Siamo su questa terra per un tempo così breve, almeno possiamo aiutarci a vicenda colle discussioni su questi argomenti.
"

RISPOSTE

Nel nome di Allah, il Clemente, il Misericordioso


Per iniziare, vorremmo spiegare alcuni fatti importanti riguaro al Sacro Corano prima di procedere colle risposte alle domande poste.

Allah Ta`ala [1] si è assunto la responsabilità di salvaguardare il Sacro Corano. Allah Ta`ala dice nel Sacro Corano:

إنا نحن نزلنا الذكر وإنا له لحافظون
Noi abbiamo fatto scendere il Monito, e Noi ne siamo i custodi. (Sura 15:9) [2]

Pertanto, è tra i requisiti fondamentali dell'essere un musulmano credere che le esatte parole rivelate da Allah Ta`ala al Santo Profeta (Salla-Llahu `alayhi wa Sallam[3]) , siano state preservate fino ad oggi; e le parole menzionate nel Santo Corano presente oggi sono le parole di Allah Taala Stesso.

Secondariamente, il significato corretto dei Versetti del Santo Corano può essere compreso soltanto attraverso la guida e gli insegnamenti del nostro Amato Profeta (Salla-Llahu `alayhi wa Sallam). Meramente essere ben ferrati nella lingua araba, o avere accesso ad una traduzione inglese del Santo Corano non è sufficiente per conseguire una corretta comprensione del Sacro Corano. Gli Arabi che vivevano al tempo del Santo Profeta (Salla-Llahu `alayhi wa Sallam) erano riconosciuti per la loro abilità ed eloquenza nella lingua araba; nonostante ciò, i compagni del Santo Profeta (Salla-Llahu `alayhi wa Sallam), dipendevano dalla guida del Santo Profeta (Salla-Llahu `alayhi wa Sallam) per comprendere il corretto significato delle parole del Santo Corano. I sapienti dell'Islam che sono venuti dopo, hanno scritto dei commentari (tafsir) del Sacro Corano, alla luce della guida e degli insegnamenti del Santo Profeta (Salla-Llahu `alayhi wa Sallam), che avevano acquisito da fonti affidabili, per facilitare i musulmani nella comprensione delle parole del Sacro Corano.

Terzo, è sempre stata una pratica comune ai miscredenti fin dai tempi del Santo Profeta (Salla-Llahu `alayhi wa Sallam), quella di muovere obiezioni riguardo al Santo Corano. Durante la vita del Santo Profeta (Salla-Llahu `alayhi wa Sallam), gli infedeli muovevano l'obiezione che, se il Corano fosse stata la parola di Allah, non avrebbe menzionato creature ripugnanti, come i moscerini, nelle sue parabole. Allah Ta'ala ha menzionato i seguenti versetti nel Sacro Corano per rispondere a queste obiezioni:

إن الله لا يستحيي أن يضرب مثلا ما بعوضة فما فوقها فأما الذين آمنوا فيعلمون أنه الحق من ربهم وأما الذين كفروا فيقولون ماذا أراد الله بهذا مثلا يضل به كثيرا ويهدي به كثيرا وما يضل به إلا الفاسقين
In verità Allah non esita a prendere ad esempio un moscerino o qualsiasi altra cosa superiore . Coloro che credono sanno che si tratta della verità che proviene dal loro Signore; i miscredenti invece dicono:"Cosa vuol dire Allah con un simile esempio?". [Con esso] ne allontana molti, e molti ne guida. Ma non allontana che gli iniqui (Sura 2:26)

Il Sacro Corano fa notare che quando lo scopo è quello di descrivere qualcosa di detestabile, l'uso di un moscerino o di qualcosa ancora più ripugnante, né trasgredisce i principi di eloquenza e logica, né va contro il senso di dignità o modestia. Quindi Allah Ta'ala non prova timidezza nell'usare tale linguaggio simbolico. Il Sacro Corano ci mostra anche che dubbi di questo tipo si sviluppano soltanto nelle menti di coloro la cui miscredenza li ha prosciugati di tutto il potere di poter vedere le cose in una prospettiva opportuna, mentre tali vuoti timori non toccano mai le menti ed i cuori dei veri credenti.

(Ma'ariful Quran (Traduzione inglese) Vol. 1 Pg. 153-Maktaba-e-Darul'Uloom Karachi)

Qui sotto c'è un breve riassunto delle domande poste colle relative risposte.

(....)


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L'ultima modifica di pensosa il Lun Gen 04, 2010 8:26 pm, modificato 1 volta
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MessaggioInviato: Ven Mag 30, 2008 4:30 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Salam alikom!

grazie mille sorella Pensosa....!!!!!!

_________________
9ad yatahawalu kulla shai diddak,
wa yab9a Allahu ma3ak,
fakun ma3a Allah,
yakun kulla shai ma3ak.

islam=pace
wa alikom salam wa rahmatu allah wa barakatuh
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MessaggioInviato: Ven Mag 30, 2008 6:15 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

mOuslima ha scritto:
Salam alikom!

grazie mille sorella Pensosa....!!!!!!

Di niente sorella :wink:
Ehm piano piano tradurrò anche il contenuto del link, inshAllah, ma è molto, molto lungo, quindi ci vorrà un po' di tempo....

wa alaykom as-Salam wa RahmatuLlahi wa Barakatu!


L'ultima modifica di pensosa il Lun Gen 04, 2010 8:28 pm, modificato 3 volte
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MessaggioInviato: Sab Mag 31, 2008 12:52 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

pensosa ha scritto:
mOuslima ha scritto:
Salam alikom!

grazie mille sorella Pensosa....!!!!!!

Di niente sorella :wink:
Ehm piano piano tradurrò anche il contenuto del link, inshAllah, ma è molto, molto lungo, quindi ci vorrà un po' di tempo....

wa alaykom as-Salam wa RahmatuLlahi wa Barakatu!


salam alikom

grazie sorella...sempre molto gentile!!!

_________________
9ad yatahawalu kulla shai diddak,
wa yab9a Allahu ma3ak,
fakun ma3a Allah,
yakun kulla shai ma3ak.

islam=pace
wa alikom salam wa rahmatu allah wa barakatuh
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MessaggioInviato: Ven Nov 28, 2008 3:53 pm    Oggetto: السلا& Rispondi citando

1)
per 4:82 (Non meditano sul Corano? Se provenisse da altri che da Allah, vi avrebbero trovato molte contraddizioni.)
هذا صحيح و يمكنك ان تكتب كتاب و تقول هذا من عند الله لكن لا يمكنك ان تكتبه بدون اختلاف
(Già i messaggeri che ti hanno preceduto furono tacciati di menzogna. Sopportarono con pazienza accuse e persecuzioni, finché non venne loro il Nostro soccorso. Nessuno può cambiare le parole di Allah)per 6:34
لن تستطيع ان تبدل كلمات من القران , ستقول كيف بدلو الترشث و الا نجيل , اقول لك الا ية تبدأ فعاليتها بنزولها ومنها من تنتهي يوم يرفع الله القرآن من الأرض ومنها من لا تنتهي ك أية الكرسي و منها من تنتهي بنسخها ب أية أخرى

2)
per Sura 17:102-103 (Disse: " Sai bene che non ha fatto scendere questi segni altri che il Signore dei cieli e della terra, prove inequivocabili [della mia missione]. Io credo, Faraone, che tu sia perduto! "
[Faraone] voleva scacciarli dalla terra, ma Noi li facemmo annegare,lui e quelli che erano con lui) / vero

per La Sura 10:90-92(E facemmo attraversare il mare ai Figli di Israele. Faraone e le sue armate li inseguirono per accanimento e ostilità. Poi, quando fu sul punto di annegare, [Faraone] disse: «Credo che non c'è altro dio all'infuori di Colui in cui credono i Figli di Israele e sono tra coloro che si sottomettono
[Disse Allah]: « Ora ti penti, quando prima hai disobbedito ed eri uno dei corruttori?
Oggi salveremo il tuo corpo, affinché tu sia un segno per quelli che verranno dopo di te ». Ma in verità la maggioranza degli uomini sono incuranti dei segni Nostri.) لما دخل موسى ضل البحر منشقا و جاء فرعون ودخل و معه جنوده ،والذي شق البحر
أمره ان يغرق فرعون وجنوده و ان ينجي موسى

3)per La Sura 2:62(In verità coloro che credono, siano essi giudei, nazareni o sabei, tutti coloro che credono in Allah e nell'Ultimo Giorno e compiono il bene riceveranno il compenso presso il loro Signore. Non avranno nulla da temere e non saranno afflitti ) قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَر : أَمَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا فَهُمْ الْمُصَدِّقُونَ رَسُول اللَّه فِيمَا أَتَاهُمْ بِهِ مِنْ الْحَقّ مِنْ عِنْد اللَّه , وَإِيمَانهمْ بِذَلِكَ : تَصْدِيقهمْ بِهِ عَلَى مَا قَدْ بَيَّنَّاهُ فِيمَا مَضَى مِنْ كِتَابنَا هَذَا . وَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ هَادُوا , فَهُمْ الْيَهُود , وَمَعْنَى هَادُوا : تَابُوا , يُقَال مِنْهُ : هَادَ الْقَوْم يَهُودُونَ هَوْدًا وَهَادَة . وَقِيلَ : إنَّمَا سُمِّيَتْ الْيَهُود يَهُود مِنْ أَجْل قَوْلهمْ : { إنَّا هُدْنَا إلَيْك }

per La Sura 3:85 (Chi vuole una religione diversa dall'Islàm, il suo culto non sarà accettato , e nell'altra vita sarà tra i perdenti)vero و لا ةوجد في أية ديانة

فإن أصبت فمن الله وإن أخطأت فمني و من الشيطان


L'ultima modifica di mounnirino il Sab Nov 29, 2008 7:07 pm, modificato 1 volta
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MessaggioInviato: Ven Nov 28, 2008 8:33 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

GRAZIE PER LA TRADUZIONE! :D :D :D

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MessaggioInviato: Sab Nov 29, 2008 10:37 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Citazione:
per La Sura 3:85 (Chi vuole una religione diversa dall'Islàm, il suo culto non sarà accettato , e nell'altra vita sarà tra i perdenti)vero


in che senso non sara accettato?

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MessaggioInviato: Sab Nov 29, 2008 12:07 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

FdB ha scritto:
Citazione:
per La Sura 3:85 (Chi vuole una religione diversa dall'Islàm, il suo culto non sarà accettato , e nell'altra vita sarà tra i perdenti)vero


in che senso non sara accettato?


Mi pare ovvio, che una volta rivelata la Verita non sarà accetata nessuna miscredenza verso di Essa.
Pace a te.

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MessaggioInviato: Sab Nov 29, 2008 6:05 pm    Oggetto: essa Rispondi citando

sura (5:116)

E quando Allah dirà: « O Gesù figlio di Maria, hai forse detto alla gente:

" Prendete me e mia madre come due divinità all'infuori di Allah?" »,

risponderà: «Gloria a Te! Come potrei dire ciò di cui non ho il diritto? Se lo avessi detto, Tu certamente lo sapresti, ché Tu conosci quello che c'è in me e io non conosco quello che c'è in Te.

In verità sei il Supremo conoscitore dell'inconoscibile.

sura (4:157) e dissero: "Abbiamo ucciso il Messia Gesù figlio di Maria, il Messaggero di Allah!" Invece non l'hanno né ucciso né crocifisso, ma così parve loro . Coloro che sono in discordia a questo proposito, restano nel dubbio: non hanno altra scienza e non seguono altro che la congettura. Per certo non lo hanno ucciso

sura (4:158) ma Allah lo ha elevato fino a Sé. Allah è eccelso, saggio
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MessaggioInviato: Ven Dic 12, 2008 12:22 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

il seguente è quanto vanno affermando coloro i quali han scritto una lista di affermazioni a loro dire tratte dal Corano....

3. La Sura 2:62 ci dice che Musulmani, Cristiani ed Ebrei sono salvati. La Sura 3:85 ci dice che solo i Musulmani sono salvati. Ebrei e Cristiani hanno la maledizione di Allah su di loro. (Sura 9:30).

questa non è la traduzione del sacro Corano e chi ha scritto questa lista sa di mentire; ne cito solo uno per motivi di spazio e di tempo per esempio:


traduzione vera:
SURA 2:62 CERTO QUELLI CHE HANNO CREDUTO QUELLI CHE PRATICANO L'EBRAISMO, I CRISTIANI, I SABEI, CHIUNQUE ABBIA CREDUTO IN DIO E NEL GIORNO ULTIMO E COMPIE OPERA BUONA, AVRANNO LA LORO RICOMPENSA PRESSO IL SIGNORE. PER LORO NESSUN TIMORE, E NON VERRANNO AFFLITTI


la sura 3.85 ci dice : E CHIUNQUE DESIDERA UNA RELIGIONE ALTRA CHE LA SOTTOMISSIONE, DA LUI (ALLAH) NON SARà MAI ACCETTATA; E NELL'ULTIMA SARà TRA I PERDENTI.

la sura 9:30 ci dice: CERTI EBREI DICONO; ESDRA è FIGLIO DI DIO E I CRISTIANI DICONO IL MESSIAH è FIGLIO DI DIO QUESTA è LA PAROLA CHE ESCE DALLE LORO BOCCHE IMITANO IL DIRE DEI MISCREDENTI CHE LI HANNO PRECEDUTI. DIO LI PUNISCA. QUANTO VANNO ERRANDO.


null'altro da aggiungere
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MessaggioInviato: Ven Dic 12, 2008 1:29 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Un saluto a tutti.

Questo mi sembra una discussione di importanza capitale... su alcuni punti credo sia sufficente una lettura simbolica, penso ad esempio a quel passaggio, non citato nela lista che dice che la tela del ragno è la più fragile (non ricordo il termine esatto) che esista, è semmai vero il contrario... ma per quanto riguarda quella lista credo che in alcuni punti sia fatta male.
Comunque, per quanto ne so:

2) La storia dell'Armata annegata non ha alcuna conferma dal punto di vista storica, cioè è altamente improbabile che un simile evento si sia verificato, dal momento che le fonti egizie non ne fanno menzione, e gli egizi erano estrememente precisi (e pignoli) nel descrivere tutti gli eventi, anche i rovesci militari.

14) Le montagne, proprio per quel motivo citato, svolgono un ruolo di stabilizzazione della crosta terrestre. Questo non lo dico io, che non ho competenza in merito, ma gli scienziati che si occupano del problema.

17) Perchè "inopportuna enfasi"? davvero non vedo l'utilità e l'opportunità, semmai, di questo punto...

Per quanto riguarda i punti 12 e 13 (il tramonto e le stelle cadenti) è chiaro che siamo di fronte a metafore... per tutti gli altri credo si tratti di contraddizioni (e ne mancano...) generate dal fatto che il Corano è stato scritto nel corso degli anni, e nel corso del tempo le cose cambiano, specialmente il contesto, c'è la pace, c'è la guerra, c'è la sedizione, la saconfitta, la vittoria...

L'unico che mi suscita qualche perplessità è quello sulla durata della creazione...

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MessaggioInviato: Mar Dic 16, 2008 2:45 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

nicolvaleri ha scritto:
il seguente è quanto vanno affermando coloro i quali han scritto una lista di affermazioni a loro dire tratte dal Corano....

3. La Sura 2:62 ci dice che Musulmani, Cristiani ed Ebrei sono salvati. La Sura 3:85 ci dice che solo i Musulmani sono salvati. Ebrei e Cristiani hanno la maledizione di Allah su di loro. (Sura 9:30).

questa non è la traduzione del sacro Corano e chi ha scritto questa lista sa di mentire; ne cito solo uno per motivi di spazio e di tempo per esempio:

traduzione vera:
SURA 2:62 CERTO QUELLI CHE HANNO CREDUTO QUELLI CHE PRATICANO L'EBRAISMO, I CRISTIANI, I SABEI, CHIUNQUE ABBIA CREDUTO IN DIO E NEL GIORNO ULTIMO E COMPIE OPERA BUONA, AVRANNO LA LORO RICOMPENSA PRESSO IL SIGNORE. PER LORO NESSUN TIMORE, E NON VERRANNO AFFLITTI


AsSalamu `alaykum wa RahmatuLlahi wa BarakatuHu!

Credo sia importante allegare il tafsir di questo versetto, per comprenderne correttamente il significato:


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E Iddio è il più sapiente!

'umar andrea

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MessaggioInviato: Mar Dic 16, 2008 2:48 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Tissaferne ha scritto:
Un saluto a tutti.

Questo mi sembra una discussione di importanza capitale... su alcuni punti credo sia sufficente una lettura simbolica, penso ad esempio a quel passaggio, non citato nela lista che dice che la tela del ragno è la più fragile (non ricordo il termine esatto) che esista, è semmai vero il contrario... ma per quanto riguarda quella lista credo che in alcuni punti sia fatta male.
Comunque, per quanto ne so:

2) La storia dell'Armata annegata non ha alcuna conferma dal punto di vista storica, cioè è altamente improbabile che un simile evento si sia verificato, dal momento che le fonti egizie non ne fanno menzione, e gli egizi erano estrememente precisi (e pignoli) nel descrivere tutti gli eventi, anche i rovesci militari.

14) Le montagne, proprio per quel motivo citato, svolgono un ruolo di stabilizzazione della crosta terrestre. Questo non lo dico io, che non ho competenza in merito, ma gli scienziati che si occupano del problema.

17) Perchè "inopportuna enfasi"? davvero non vedo l'utilità e l'opportunità, semmai, di questo punto...

Per quanto riguarda i punti 12 e 13 (il tramonto e le stelle cadenti) è chiaro che siamo di fronte a metafore... per tutti gli altri credo si tratti di contraddizioni (e ne mancano...) generate dal fatto che il Corano è stato scritto nel corso degli anni, e nel corso del tempo le cose cambiano, specialmente il contesto, c'è la pace, c'è la guerra, c'è la sedizione, la saconfitta, la vittoria...

L'unico che mi suscita qualche perplessità è quello sulla durata della creazione...


Maurizio, riporto te ma mi rivolgo a tutti: ma le avete lette le risposte a queste domande/accuse? Perchè la sorella pensosa ha tradotto solo le domande/accuse/critiche, perciò è il caso di andare nel summenzionato link e leggere le risposte a queste accuse di presunte "contraddizioni"!

Per comodità, inserisco nuovamente il link:
Contradictions in the Qur'an? -
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'umar andrea

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MessaggioInviato: Mar Dic 16, 2008 8:13 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

'Umar Andrea ha scritto:
Tissaferne ha scritto:
Un saluto a tutti.

Questo mi sembra una discussione di importanza capitale... su alcuni punti credo sia sufficente una lettura simbolica, penso ad esempio a quel passaggio, non citato nela lista che dice che la tela del ragno è la più fragile (non ricordo il termine esatto) che esista, è semmai vero il contrario... ma per quanto riguarda quella lista credo che in alcuni punti sia fatta male.
Comunque, per quanto ne so:

2) La storia dell'Armata annegata non ha alcuna conferma dal punto di vista storica, cioè è altamente improbabile che un simile evento si sia verificato, dal momento che le fonti egizie non ne fanno menzione, e gli egizi erano estrememente precisi (e pignoli) nel descrivere tutti gli eventi, anche i rovesci militari.

14) Le montagne, proprio per quel motivo citato, svolgono un ruolo di stabilizzazione della crosta terrestre. Questo non lo dico io, che non ho competenza in merito, ma gli scienziati che si occupano del problema.

17) Perchè "inopportuna enfasi"? davvero non vedo l'utilità e l'opportunità, semmai, di questo punto...

Per quanto riguarda i punti 12 e 13 (il tramonto e le stelle cadenti) è chiaro che siamo di fronte a metafore... per tutti gli altri credo si tratti di contraddizioni (e ne mancano...) generate dal fatto che il Corano è stato scritto nel corso degli anni, e nel corso del tempo le cose cambiano, specialmente il contesto, c'è la pace, c'è la guerra, c'è la sedizione, la saconfitta, la vittoria...

L'unico che mi suscita qualche perplessità è quello sulla durata della creazione...


Maurizio, riporto te ma mi rivolgo a tutti: ma le avete lette le risposte a queste domande/accuse? Perchè la sorella pensosa ha tradotto solo le domande/accuse/critiche, perciò è il caso di andare nel summenzionato link e leggere le risposte a queste accuse di presunte "contraddizioni"!

Per comodità, inserisco nuovamente il link:
Contradictions in the Qur'an? -
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'umar andrea


Umar, vedi che semmai il mio intervento era in direzione di una evidente non-contraddizione nel Corano, non ho sposato la tesi di chi afferma che esso si contraddice, o di chi ha posto quelle domande, peraltro (quasi) tutte comprensibili (al di là dell'intento provocatorio o meno di chi le ha concepite)... o meglio, ovviamente si modificano alcuni aspetti, questo è chiaro... Mi spiego?

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MessaggioInviato: Mar Dic 16, 2008 11:01 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Tissaferne ha scritto:
Umar, vedi che semmai il mio intervento era in direzione di una evidente non-contraddizione nel Corano, non ho sposato la tesi di chi afferma che esso si contraddice, o di chi ha posto quelle domande, peraltro (quasi) tutte comprensibili (al di là dell'intento provocatorio o meno di chi le ha concepite)... o meglio, ovviamente si modificano alcuni aspetti, questo è chiaro... Mi spiego?


Va' bene, ma visto che hai detto "L'unico che mi suscita qualche perplessità è quello sulla durata della creazione...", pensavo che leggendo le risposte le tue perplessità si sarebbero chiarite..

'umar andrea

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MessaggioInviato: Mer Dic 17, 2008 9:10 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

bism allahi alrahmani alrahim

salam fratello, si ho letto in un secondo momento quel link.. effettivamente è stata mia incuria non andare a guardare prima di parlare.

In quella occasione era mia intenzione dire che nemmeno la traduzione letterale corrisponde alle parole riportate dalla mia cara sorella e amica pensosa. Sottolineo che alla scuola interpreti è la prima cosa che insegnano : la traduzione può essere di molti tipi ed è legata alla cultura e alla saggezza del traduttore, figuriamoci poi interpretare!

pace a tutti salam alaikum :D
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MessaggioInviato: Dom Gen 25, 2009 12:07 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Non conosco l'inglese quindi non so se il seguente versetto è già stato preso in considerazione. Guardando alle sure e versetti citati non mi pare.

Sarei curioso di sapere come lo interpretate, e lo riporto qui, proprio perché parrebbe contenere una grossa contraddizione:

poi di questa goccia facemmo un'aderenza e dell'aderenza un embrione;
dall'embrione creammo le ossa e rivestimmo le ossa di carne. E quindi ne
facemmo un'altra creatura. Sia benedetto Allah, il Migliore dei creatori!


XXIII - 14
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MessaggioInviato: Dom Gen 25, 2009 4:09 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Toscano ha scritto:
Non conosco l'inglese quindi non so se il seguente versetto è già stato preso in considerazione. Guardando alle sure e versetti citati non mi pare.

Sarei curioso di sapere come lo interpretate, e lo riporto qui, proprio perché parrebbe contenere una grossa contraddizione:

poi di questa goccia facemmo un'aderenza e dell'aderenza un embrione;
dall'embrione creammo le ossa e rivestimmo le ossa di carne. E quindi ne
facemmo un'altra creatura. Sia benedetto Allah, il Migliore dei creatori!


XXIII - 14


Scusami fratello, ma di quale contraddizione parli?
Pace a te

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MessaggioInviato: Lun Gen 26, 2009 7:51 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Scusami tu, avevo dimenticato di usare la sottolineatura.

Si tratta dell'espressione finale, quando si usa il plurale:

"il Migliore dei creatori"
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MessaggioInviato: Mar Gen 27, 2009 9:47 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

...


L'ultima modifica di Talib il Mer Dic 16, 2009 5:09 pm, modificato 1 volta
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MessaggioInviato: Mar Gen 27, 2009 11:10 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

In ogni caso continuo a nn vedere contraddizioni.
Allah SWT ha affermato in diversi punto del Corano di essere un Dio Unico, quindi la spiegazione di tale versetto deve partire da tale presupposto. Chiarito ciò, mi sembra vi siano diversi pareri sulla questione. Il primo sarebbe la traduzione, quindi non "creatori" ma "Creatore" (ma non conoscendo l' arabo nn posso darti conferma di cio).
Secondo, anche considerando "creatori", va cmq inteso che la possibilita, eventualmente, di creare è sempre ed in in ogni caso dono di Allah SWT (prendi l' episodio di Isa che diede vita ad un uccello "col permesso di Allah).
Come vedi, basta sapere la base da cui partire. E' chiaro che se uno qualunque volesse mettersi a fare un proprio tafsir, ne uscirebbero di barzellette...

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MessaggioInviato: Mar Gen 27, 2009 11:56 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Brandon ha scritto:
In ogni caso continuo a nn vedere contraddizioni.


Quoto, ri-quoto e straquoto..... (uhm... sperando che tu non abbia ereditato il "fluido" di Talib)

Wa salam.
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Ali Brandon
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MessaggioInviato: Mar Gen 27, 2009 4:29 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

maria ha scritto:

Quoto, ri-quoto e straquoto..... (uhm... sperando che tu non abbia ereditato il "fluido" di Talib)

Wa salam.


Tranquilla, il gatto sornione è impareggiabile
pace

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MessaggioInviato: Mar Gen 27, 2009 5:50 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

...


L'ultima modifica di Talib il Mer Dic 16, 2009 5:24 pm, modificato 1 volta
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MessaggioInviato: Mar Gen 27, 2009 11:40 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Toscano ha scritto:
Scusami tu, avevo dimenticato di usare la sottolineatura.

Si tratta dell'espressione finale, quando si usa il plurale:

"il Migliore dei creatori"


Dal Tafsir di Mufti Shafi'i Usmani:

""Fatabaraka Allahu Ahsanu-l-khaliqin" (So, glorious is Allah, the best of the creators - 23:14). The word "khalq" and "takhliq" mean "to create something from nothing", which is a very special and exclusive attribute of Allah. Thus, Allah alone is the creator and none else. Neither an angel nor man can create anything. However sometime these two words are used in the sense of manufacturing which is no more than the reshaping and assembly by man of substances created by Allah. The man who does this is also called the creator of an article. The Qur'an says (you invent a lie - 29:17), and again it says about Sayyidna 'Isa (I create for you from clay something in the shape of a bird - 3:49). In all these places the word "khalq" (creating) has been used in the metaphorical sense to mean "manufacture".

Here the word "khaliqin" (creators) has been used in the plural and the meaning is that though ordinary human beings who manufacture things may also be called "khaliq" or creators in the metaphorical sense, yet Allah is the best among all those creators.
"
(da:

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, pag. 310 (8 del Pdf))

E Iddio è il più sapiente!

'umar andrea

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MessaggioInviato: Ven Giu 22, 2012 2:28 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

..


L'ultima modifica di AbuMuhammad il Sab Giu 07, 2014 7:50 am, modificato 2 volte
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MessaggioInviato: Sab Giu 23, 2012 2:07 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Mus'ab ha scritto:
Salam Alaikom,

Sono molto interessato alla discussione intrapresa in questo thread, ma ho notato con dispiacere, volendolo consultare, che il sito che avete messo in precedenza non si riesce ad aprire?! Dice "errore pagina non trovata"..
Intendo quello inerente la risposta alle "contraddizioni".

Chiedo agli amministratori se e' possibile recuperarlo, anche per permettere a chiunque altro di poterlo consultare. Grazie infinite wa jazakum Allah'a khairan.


Wa `alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Sì, il sito che ospitava l'articolo non è più attivo.

Puoi però trovare l'articolo qui:


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MessaggioInviato: Gio Mar 06, 2014 9:50 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

'Umar Kalabristani ha scritto:
Mus'ab ha scritto:
Salam Alaikom,

Sono molto interessato alla discussione intrapresa in questo thread, ma ho notato con dispiacere, volendolo consultare, che il sito che avete messo in precedenza non si riesce ad aprire?! Dice "errore pagina non trovata"..
Intendo quello inerente la risposta alle "contraddizioni".

Chiedo agli amministratori se e' possibile recuperarlo, anche per permettere a chiunque altro di poterlo consultare. Grazie infinite wa jazakum Allah'a khairan.

Wa `alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Sì, il sito che ospitava l'articolo non è più attivo.

Puoi però trovare l'articolo qui:


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Pagina nuovamente out of service.. u.u
Potete re-ricuperarla? (io ho cercato ma non l'ho trovata)

Poiché è importante, a mio modo di vedere, avere sotto mano una risposta sapienzale anziché le mille "di chicchessia", o il solito "answering-christianity" che, dottrinalmente (pur traducendolo con google), non mi sembra 100% integerrimo..
jazākum allāhu khayran
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MessaggioInviato: Ven Mar 07, 2014 1:32 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

AbuMuhammad ha scritto:
Pagina nuovamente out of service.. u.u
Potete re-ricuperarla? (io ho cercato ma non l'ho trovata)


Visto che si continua a perdere, faccio copia-incolla nel prossimo post insha'Allah (da qui:

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).

AbuMuhammad ha scritto:
o il solito "answering-christianity" che, dottrinalmente (pur traducendolo con google), non mi sembra 100% integerrimo..


Già, non lo è affatto!..

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MessaggioInviato: Ven Mar 07, 2014 1:35 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

I parte

Question: Contradictions in the Quran?

(Original Source:
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The following is a set of questions from Christians. Their aim is to prove inconsistency in the Quran and mislead simple minded Muslims and invite them to Christianity. We advice you to take out time to study this document and educate yourself, in order to guard your Deen. We have made a brief summary of the questions at the beginning of each answer, to facilitate the reader.

- Mufti Ebrahim Desai

QUESTIONS

Greetings to you in the precious Name of the Saviour.

I am aware that Muslims regard the Qur’an as ‘nazil’, i.e. sent down and that it was given by ‘wahy’ (inspiration). You therefore regard the Qur’an very highly.

So let us proceed. I am going to trust that since you value the Qur’an so highly, you will check the references given. It will be too lengthy to write them all out

1. In S.4:82 we are told to consider the Qur’an. The emphasis of importance of the Q is further stated in S6:34 and S10:64. So if the words of Allah cannot be changed —then surely, to be consistent you must believe this of the Scriptures that preceded the Q? Namely the Old and New Testaments. The Q claims to follow, protect and confirm the Scriptures of Jews and Christians which preceded it – S3:81, 6:92, 35:31 and 46:12.

2. Pharaoh was drowned with his army (S17:102—103). S10:90-92 tells us that he was rescued.

3. S2:62 tells us that Muslims, Christians and Sabeans are saved. S3:85 tells us only Muslims are saved. Jews and Christians have the curse of Allah on them (S9:30).

4. Dietary and Sabbath laws (S.16:114-119, 124) are contradicted in S16:101.

5. There is a change in retaliation laws for murder (S2:178, 17:33)

6. Days of creation are increased from 6 (S7:54, 25:59, 32:4) to 8 (S41:9-12).

7. There is to be no compulsion in religion (S2:256) but those who do not submit to Islam are to be slain (S9:5), beheaded (S47:4) or warred against (S8:39, 9:29).

8. Allah cursed all liars but Muhammad is permitted to break his own oath (S66:1-2).

9. S4:157 claims that Jesus did not die. S19:33 states that He died and rose again.

10. Punishment for adulteresses was changed from life mprisonrnent (S4:1S) to 100 lashes (S24:2), Yet homosexuals were not punished ii they repented (S4:16).

11. Widows are to be separate from society after their husbands have died for 4 months and10 days (S2:234). This period may also be one year (S2:240).

12. The Q states that the sun sets in a spring of murky water (S 18:86). This is certainly wrong.

13. S67:5, 72:6-9 tells us that stars and meteorites are missiles shot at evil spirits who try to eavesdrop on Quranic readings in heaven! Astronomy helps us here – not the Q.

14. The Q says that mountains are used by Allah as weights and tent pegs to stabilise and prevent the earth from shaking (S16:15, 21:31, 31:10, 78:6-7, 88:19). In fact the opposite is true. Mountain ranges result from the earth’s shaking as tectonic plates collide. Mountains don’t hold the earth down. They are a result of the earth being pushed up.

15. In S16:101-103 Muhammad was accused by the people of ‘being a forger’. Part of the text says that the man who teaches him has a foreign tongue. Historians tell us that this refers to the Salman the Persian who influenced Muhammad with regard to Zoroastrian religion.

16. S33:37 Allah gives Muhammad permission to marry Zaynab – she being the only wife of Zaid, Muhammad’s adopted son. Bear in mind Muhammad’s harem was already well-stocked with wives and who knows how many slave girls.

17. Why the unwholesome emphasis on sex in paradise, see S38:51, 44:54, 55:55-74, 56:22, 34-36?

18. In the first 89 Surahs, Moses’ confrontation with Pharaoh occurs 27 times, Why this mindless repetition?

19. The Q certainly does not try to hide the Sin of Muhammad (S40:55, 47:19, 48:1-2, 33:36-38) – Jesus was sinless (S19:19), To Whom should we listen?

20. S4:23 forbids marriage to 2 sisters at the same time. Mary (the Copt) and Shereena were sisters.

I think this is all for now.

A final word… I am hoping that we may become friends, even though we have to force one another to address hard issues. You see what is at stake is nothing lass than eternity… We are only on this earth for such a short time, but atleast we can help one another with eternity in view.

ANSWERS

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

At the outset, we wish to explain a few important facts regarding the Holy Quran before proceeding with the answering of the questions posed in the query.

Allah Ta’ala[1] has taken the responsibility of safeguarding the Holy Quran. Allah Ta’ala mentions in the Holy Quran:

إنا نحن نزلنا الذكر وإنا له لحافظون

Verily We have revealed the Reminder (Quran) and We shall certainly be its protectors. (Verse 15:9)[2]

Therefore, it is amongst the fundamental requirements for being a Muslim that one believes that the exact words revealed by Allah Ta’ala unto the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam[3]) have been preserved till today; and the words mentioned in the Holy Quran present today are the words of Allah Ta’ala Himself.

Secondly, the correct meaning of the Verses of the Holy Quran can only be understood through the guidance and teachings of our Beloved Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Merely being well versed in the Arabic language or having access to an English Translation of the Holy Quran will not suffice in achieving the correct understanding of the Holy Quran. The Arabs living in the time of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) were recognised for their expertise and eloquence in the Arabic language; yet the companions of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) were dependant on the guidance of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) to understand the correct meaning of the words of the Holy Quran. The scholars of Islam that came later have written commentaries (tafseers) of the Holy Quran, in the light of the guidance and teachings of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) that they had acquired from reliable sources, in order to facilitate the Muslims in understanding the words of the Holy Quran.

Thirdly, it has been a common practice of the disbelievers since the time of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) to raise objections in regards to the Holy Quran. During the lifetime of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), the infidels raised an objection that, had the Quran been the Word of Allah, it would not have made mention of repugnant creatures, like gnats, in its parables. Allah Ta’ala mentioned the following verses in the Holy Quran in response to these objections:

إن الله لا يستحيي أن يضرب مثلا ما بعوضة فما فوقها فأما الذين آمنوا فيعلمون أنه الحق من ربهم وأما الذين كفروا فيقولون ماذا أراد الله بهذا مثلا يضل به كثيرا ويهدي به كثيرا وما يضل به إلا الفاسقين

Indeed, Allah does not feel shy in citing any parable, be it that of a gnat or of something above it (in meanness). Now, as for those who believe, they know it is the truth from their Lord; while those who disbelieve say, ―What could Allah have meant by this parable? By this He lets many go astray, and by this He makes many find guidance. But He does not let anyone go astray thereby except those who are sinful (Verse: 2:26)

The Holy Quran points out that when the purpose is to describe something detestable, the use of a gnat or something even more repugnant neither transgresses the principles of eloquence or logic, nor does it go against the sense of dignity or modesty. Hence Allah Ta’ala does not feel shy in using such imagery. The Holy Quran also shows that doubts of this kind arise only in the minds of those whose disbelief has drained them of all power to see things in a proper perspective, while such empty misgivings never touch the minds and hearts of true believers.

(Ma’ariful Quran (English Translation) Vol.1 Pg.153 – Maktaba-e-Darul ‘Uloom Karachi)

Hereunder is a brief summary of the questions posed in the query and their answers.

1. If the words of Allah cannot be changed, and the Quran claims to follow, protect and confirm the previous Scriptures, why not believe in the Old and New Testament?

As stated above, Allah Ta’ala has taken the responsibility of safeguarding the Holy Quran. Such responsibility was not taken by Him in regards to the Divine Scriptures that preceded the Holy Quran, as the previous doctrines were temporal and there were Prophets to be sent after them to rectify the faults. On the other hand, Islam is the final creed and no more Prophets will be sent; thus, an all-encompassing and un-alterable book of guidance, like the Quran, is needed.

The first three Verses referred to in the query do not prove that the Words of Allah mentioned in the previous Scriptures cannot be changed, as claimed in the query. Let us analyse the correct meaning of each of them separately.

أفلا يتدبرون القرآن ولو كان من عند غير الله لوجدوا فيه اختلافا كثيرا

Do they not, then, ponder about the Qur‘ān? Had it been from someone other than Allah, they would have found in it a great deal of discrepancy. (Verse: 4:82)

Allah Ta’ala revealed the abovementioned Verse of the Holy Quran to prove the Prophethood of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), as the disbelievers and hypocrites did not believe in the Prophethood of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and accused him of forging the Quran in his own words. Allah Ta’ala explains that if the Quran was not the Word of Allah, it would have contained a great deal of discrepancies. The fact that there are no discrepancies in the Quran proves that the Quran is the Word of Allah Ta’ala and Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) is a true Messenger of Allah Ta’ala.

(Tafseer al-Fakhr al-Razi Vol.5 Part 2 Pg.202/3 – Dar al-Fikr)

The abovementioned Verse only proves that the Words of Allah Ta’ala cannot have any discrepancies. They do not prove that the words of Allah mentioned in the previous Divine Scriptures cannot be changed.

ولقد كذبت رسل من قبلك فصبروا على ما كذبوا وأوذوا حتى أتاهم نصرنا ولا مبدل لكلمات الله ولقد جاءك من نبإ المرسلين

Indeed, many messengers have been rejected before you, but they stood patient against their rejection, and they were persecuted until Our help came to them. No one can change the words of Allah, and of course, some accounts of the messengers have already come to you. (Verse: 6:216)

لهم البشرى في الحياة الدنيا وفي الآخرة لا تبديل لكلمات الله ذلك هو الفوز العظيم

For them there is the good news in the worldly life and in the Hereafter: there is no change in the words of Allah. That is the great achievement. (Verse: 10:64)

The phrase “words of Allah” mentioned in these two Verses neither refers to the Quran, nor to the scriptures that preceded the Quran; but refers to all decrees made by Allah Ta’ala and all oaths taken by Him. The Verses state that once Allah Ta’ala makes a declaration or promises to do something, there is no power that can force him to do otherwise. In Verse 6:216, after consoling the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) that the help of Allah will come to him and his followers as it came to the Messengers (‘Alaihimussalam) that preceded him, Allah Ta’ala mentions, “no one can change the words of Allah”, to clarify the fact that the assurance of the help of Allah Ta’ala is a promise taken by Allah Ta’ala, thus, no power can prevent the help from coming. Similarly, in Verse 10:64, after giving glad tidings to his righteous servants, Allah Ta’ala mentions, “there is no change in the words of Allah”, to give further assurance that these glad tidings are a declaration made by Allah, and there is no power that can change this decision.

(Tafseer al-Fakhr al-Razi Vol.6 Part 2 Pg.216 & Vol.9 Part 1 Pg.135 – Dar al-Fikr)

The two Verses mentioned above only prove that the declarations made by Allah Ta’ala and the oaths taken by Him cannot be changed. They do not prove that the words of Allah mentioned in the previous Scriptures cannot be changed, as premised in the query.

The following verses are then referred to in the query:

وإذ أخذ الله ميثاق النبيين لما آتيتكم من كتاب وحكمة ثم جاءكم رسول مصدق لما معكم لتؤمنن به ولتنصرنه قال أأقررتم وأخذتم على ذلكم إصري قالوا أقررنا قال فاشهدوا وأنا معكم من الشاهدين

When Allah made The Holy Prophets enter into a covenant: (saying) ―If I give you a book and wisdom, then comes to you a messenger verifying what is with you, you shall have to believe in him, and you shall have to support him. He said, ―Do you affirm and accept my covenant in this respect? They said, ―We affirm. He said, ―Then, bear witness, and I am with you among the witnesses. (Verse: 3:81)

The word ma’akum mentioned in this Verse, translated as “what is with you”, only refers to those words that were present in the Devine Scriptures at the time of their respective Messengers (‘Alaihimussalam[4]), and not to the alterations made later by their followers. The abovementioned Verse suggests that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) will verify the fundamental beliefs that were present in the aforementioned Scriptures. It also means that this Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) will be in conformity to the features and characteristics of the Last Prophet, mentioned in the previous Scriptures.

(Tafseer al-Fakhr al-Razi Vol.4 Part 2 Pg.133 – Dar al-Fikr)

There is no mention made of the Quran following and protecting the previous scriptures, as claimed in the query. On the contrary, the abovementioned Verse proves that if the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had to be sent during the time of any of the previous Messengers (‘Alaihimussalam) of Allah, they would have been obliged to follow the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and assist Him in fulfilling His mission.

وهذا كتاب أنزلناه مبارك مصدق الذي بين يديه ولتنذر أم القرى ومن حولها والذين يؤمنون بالآخرة يؤمنون به وهم على صلاتهم يحافظون

This is indeed a Blessed Book We have sent down, confirming what was (revealed) before it, so that you may warn the town which is the Mother of All Towns, (i.e. Makkah) and those around it. Those who believe in the Hereafter believe in it, and they take due care of their prayers. (Verse: 6:92)

والذي أوحينا إليك من الكتاب هو الحق مصدقا لما بين يديه إن الله بعباده لخبير بصير

The Book We have revealed to you is the Truth, confirming what was (revealed) before it. Surely Allah, in respect of His slaves, is All-Aware, All-Seeing. (Verse: 35:31)

ومن قبله كتاب موسى إماما ورحمة وهذا كتاب مصدق لسانا عربيا لينذر الذين ظلموا وبشرى للمحسنين

And before this there was the Book of Mūsā, a guide and a mercy. And this is a Book confirming (it) in Arabic tongue, so that it may warn the wrongdoers and give good news to those who are good in their deeds. (Verse: 46:12)

The three Verses mentioned above prove that the Holy Quran confirms what has been mentioned in the previous Divine Scriptures, referring to those Devine Scriptures that were present at the time of their respective Messengers (‘Alaihimussalam), and not to the alterations made later by their followers. The previous Divine Scriptures proclaimed the Oneness of Allah and that He alone is worthy of worship; belief in the existence of Angels, Prophets and Books of Allah; belief in resurrection and the Hereafter; and all other fundamental beliefs. These beliefs are confirmed in the Holy Quran in many places. As far as secondary and subsidiary Laws mentioned in the previous Divine Scriptures are concerned, they differed from what is present in the Quran. However, it had been mentioned in the previous Divine scriptures that the subsidiary Laws mentioned therein are valid only till the time of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and that everyone will have to follow the religion of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) thereafter. This has been confirmed in the Holy Quran. In this manner, Quran confirms the previous Divine scriptures in the aspect of fundamental and subsidiary Laws.

(Tafseer al-Fakhr al-Razi Vol.7 Part 1 Pg.85 – Dar al-Fikr)

Another meaning that has been mentioned for the Quran being a confirmation for what had been revealed in the previous Divine Scriptures is that the Quran acts as a Guide to confirm what had been mentioned in the previous Divine Scriptures; i.e. if the Quran confirms anything mentioned in the Previous Divine scriptures, it will be regarded as the Word of Allah; and if the Quran denies anything mentioned in the previous scriptures, it will be regarded as the part that was later added on by other people (e.g. belief in the crucifixion of Esa (‘Alaihissalam[5]), belief in trinity, etc.).

(Tafseer al-Fakhr al-Razi Vol.13 Part 2 Pg.24 – Dar al-Fikr)

Attestation can take place by merely confirming that such a book was revealed and not that it will remain till the Day of Judgment, as was the case of the Previous Divine Scriptures.

Overall, the verses referred to in the query at most prove that the Holy Quran attests the existence of the previous Divine Scriptures or confirms what has been mentioned in them, which has been justified above. It is incorrect to state that the Quran claims to protect and follow what had been mentioned in the previous Divine Scriptures.

Moreover, the following Verse of the Holy Quran clearly states that the Divine Scriptures revealed unto the previous Messengers (‘Alaihimussalam) have been altered and modified, and no longer remain the Words of Allah:

فويل للذين يكتبون الكتاب بأيديهم ثم يقولون هذا من عند الله ليشتروا به ثمنا قليلا فويل لهم مما كتبت أيديهم وويل لهم مما يكسبون

So, woe to those who write the Book with their hands and then say ―This is from Allah, so that they may gain thereby a trifling price. Then, woe to them for what their hands have written, and woe to them for what they earn. (Verse: 2:79)

Thus, the fact that Allah states that the Christians and Jews will change their books, shows that preserving the previous scripts is not meant in the Verses referred to in the query.

2. Contradiction between the Verses, Fir’awn being drowned and Fir’awn being saved.

In Verse 17:103 of the Holy Quran Allah Ta’ala states that He drowned Fir’awn (pharaoh) and his army:

فأراد أن يستفزهم من الأرض فأغرقناه ومن معه جميعا

Then he (Pharaoh) tried to harass them to drive them out of the land, so We drowned him and those with him altogether. (Verse: 17:103)

This incident is explained in detail in the following Verses of the Holy Quran:

وأوحينا إلى موسى أن أسر بعبادي إنكم متبعون . فأرسل فرعون في المدائن حاشرين . إن هؤلاء لشرذمة قليلون . وإنهم لنا لغائظون . وإنا لجميع حاذرون . فأخرجناهم من جنات وعيون . وكنوز ومقام كريم . كذلك وأورثناها بني إسرائيل . فأتبعوهم مشرقين . فلما تراءى الجمعان قال أصحاب موسى إنا لمدركون . قال كلا إن معي ربي سيهدين . فأوحينا إلى موسى أن اضرب بعصاك البحر فانفلق فكان كل فرق كالطود العظيم . وأزلفنا ثم الآخرين . وأنجينا موسى ومن معه أجمعين . ثم أغرقنا الآخرين . إن في ذلك لآية وما كان أكثرهم مؤمنين . وإن ربك لهو العزيز الرحيم .

And We revealed to Mūsā saying, ―Make My servants travel at night. You will be pursued. So Pharaoh sent into the cities (his) men to muster (people) saying, ―These are a small band, and indeed they are enraging us, and we are a host, well-armed. Thus We expelled them (i.e. the people of Pharaoh) from gardens and springs, and from treasures and a noble abode. Thus it was. And We made the children of Isrā‘īl inherit all such things. So they (the people of Pharaoh) pursued them (the people of Mūsā) at the time of sunrise. And when the two hosts saw each other, the companions of Mūsā said, ―Surely we are overtaken. He said, ―Never! Indeed with me is my Lord. He will guide me. So We revealed to Mūsā saying, ―Strike the sea with your staff. So it was severed apart, and each part became like a big mountain. Then We brought others close to that place. And We saved Mūsā and all those with him. Then we drowned the others. Surely, in this there is a sign, but most of them are not believers, and indeed your Lord is the Mighty, the Merciful. (Verse: 26:52-68)

We understand from the abovementioned that Fir’awn and his army pursued Musa (‘Alaihissalam) and his followers. Allah Ta’ala then split the sea to make way for Musa (‘Alaihissalam) and his followers to cross over to the other side and drowned Fir’awn and his army in the same sea, when they tried to cross over.

Verses 10:90-92 also portrays the same meaning, but mention is also made that the body of Fir’awn was preserved as a sign for those who came after him.

وجاوزنا ببني إسرائيل البحر فأتبعهم فرعون وجنوده بغيا وعدوا حتى إذا أدركه الغرق قال آمنت أنه لا إله إلا الذي آمنت به بنو إسرائيل وأنا من المسلمين . آلآن وقد عصيت قبل وكنت من المفسدين . فاليوم ننجيك ببدنك لتكون لمن خلفك آية وإن كثيرا من الناس عن آياتنا لغافلون .

And We let the children of Isrā‘īl cross the sea. So, Pharaoh and his troops chased them in transgression and hostility, until when he was about to drown, he said, ―I believe that there is no god but the One in whom the children of Isrā‘īl believe, and I am among those who submit to Allah. (Allah said,) ―Is it now (that you have come to believe) while you were rebellious all along, and you were among the mischief-makers? So, today, We shall save (preserve) your body, so that you may become a sign for those after you. And many of the people are heedless of Our signs. (Verse: 10:90-92)

Under the commentary of the abovementioned verses, it is mentioned that the word badan, translated as body, generally refers to a carcass without the sole. Therefore, the words translated as ‘we shall save your body’, do not refer to saving Fir’awn’s life; but refer to saving his body from decomposing in the sea, as was the fate of bodies of others in Fir’awn’s army.

Fir’awn transgressed the commandments of Allah Ta’ala in his lifetime, and went on to call himself God. Most of his followers also believed in him and regarded him to be God. Allah Ta’ala preserved the body of Fir’awn to prove to the followers of Fir’awn, who did not witness the drowning, that Fir’awn did not possess the qualities of God (i.e. if he were God, he would not die and would be everlasting), that are found only in Allah Ta’ala. Similarly, Allah Ta’ala preserved the body of Fir’awn to teach a lesson to those that would come later, that this would be the fate of all such individuals, besides Allah Ta’ala, who regard themselves to be God. The body of Fir’awn is preserved till today and can be viewed in one of the museums of Cairo, Egypt.

(Tafseer al-Fakhr al-Razi Vol.9 Part 1 Pg.164 – Dar al-Fikr)

3. Are only Muslims saved from the curse of Allah, or the Christians, Jews and Sabians as well?

The following Verses of the Holy Quran have been referred to in the query:

إن الذين آمنوا والذين هادوا والنصارى والصابئين من آمن بالله واليوم الآخر وعمل صالحا فلهم أجرهم عند ربهم ولا خوف عليهم ولا هم يحزنون

Surely, those who believed in Allah, and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabians, __whosoever believes in Allah and in the Last Day, and does good deeds – all such people will have their reward with their Lord, and there will be no reason for them to fear, nor shall they grieve.(Verse: 2:62)

ومن يبتغ غير الإسلام دينا فلن يقبل منه وهو في الآخرة من الخاسرين

Whoever seeks a faith other than Islam, it will never be accepted from him, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers. (Verse: 3:85)

وقالت اليهود عزير ابن الله وقالت النصارى المسيح ابن الله ذلك قولهم بأفواههم يضاهئون قول الذين كفروا من قبل قاتلهم الله أنى يؤفكون

The Jews say, ― Uzair (Ezra) is the Son of Allah and the Christians say, ―MasīH (the Christ) is the Son of Allah. That is their oral statement. They imitate the saying of the earlier disbelievers. May Allah ruin them, how far they are turned back from the truth! (Verse: 9:30)

The contradiction mentioned in the query between the abovementioned verses is based on the premise that the meaning of Verse 2:62 is that the Muslims, Jews, Christians and Sabians are all saved from the wrath of Allah Ta’ala. This premise is incorrect.

To understand the correct meaning of the verse, it is important to be aware of the fact that when Allah Ta’ala sent the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) as the last Prophet and revealed the religion of Islam unto Him (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), all of mankind was supposed to follow this religion. Even those who followed the correct beliefs brought by the Messengers of Allah that preceded the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) (i.e. those who had not moved away from the correct religion and not accepted the alterations made in their religion by those who came later on) were not permitted to remain on their old religion, but were commanded to follow the religion of Islam.

In the light of the abovementioned, the words translated as ‘those who believed in Allah’ mentioned in Verse 2:62, refer to those people of the Book whose beliefs were not altered due to the false beliefs brought about by those who came later. Thus, the meaning of the Verse would be that those who were on the correct religion of the Messengers of Allah that preceded the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), and those Christians, Jews and Sabians who have altered their religion due to the beliefs brought about by those who came later; if any of them accept the religion brought by the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), believe in Allah Ta’ala and the Hereafter, and do good deeds, they will be rewarded by Allah Ta’ala and will be saved from the wrath of Allah Ta’ala.

(Tafseer al-Fakhr al-Razi Vol.2 Part 1 Pg.113 – Dar al-Fikr)

4. Contradiction or no contradiction in dietary and Sabbath laws?

The following Verses of the Holy Quran have been referred to in the query:

فكلوا مما رزقكم الله حلالا طيبا واشكروا نعمة الله إن كنتم إياه تعبدون . إنما حرم عليكم الميتة والدم ولحم الخنزير وما أهل لغير الله به فمن اضطر غير باغ ولا عاد فإن الله غفور رحيم . ولا تقولوا لما تصف ألسنتكم الكذب هذا حلال وهذا حرام لتفتروا على الله الكذب إن الذين يفترون على الله الكذب لا يفلحون . متاع قليل ولهم عذاب أليم . وعلى الذين هادوا حرمنا ما قصصنا عليك من قبل وما ظلمناهم ولكن كانوا أنفسهم يظلمون . ثم إن ربك للذين عملوا السوء بجهالة ثم تابوا من بعد ذلك وأصلحوا إن ربك من بعدها لغفور رحيم .

So, eat the permissible and pure things from what Allah has provided you, and be grateful for the bounty of Allah, if you worship Him alone. He has but prohibited for you the carrion, the blood, the flesh of swine and what has been invoked upon with a name other than that of Allah. However, if anyone is compelled by necessity – neither seeking pleasure, nor crossing the limit (of necessity) – then, Allah is Most-Forgiving, Very-Merciful. Do not say about what your tongues describe falsely, “This is lawful and that is unlawful” so that you may forge the lie upon Allah. Surely, those who forge a lie upon Allah do not prosper. (Let there be) a little enjoyment, and (then) for them there is a painful punishment. For those who are Jews, We had prohibited that which We have already told you; and We did not wrong them, but it was they who used to wrong themselves. Then your Lord – for those who did evil because of ignorance, then repented after that and corrected themselves – surely your Lord is, after all that, Most-Forgiving, Very-Merciful. (Verse: 16:114-119)

إنما جعل السبت على الذين اختلفوا فيه وإن ربك ليحكم بينهم يوم القيامة فيما كانوا فيه يختلفون

The Sabbath was prescribed only for those people (i.e. Jews) who differed in it, and your Lord will certainly judge between them on the Day of Resurrection in those matters in which they used to differ. (Verse: 6:124)

وإذا بدلنا آية مكان آية والله أعلم بما ينزل قالوا إنما أنت مفتر بل أكثرهم لا يعلمون

Whenever We replace a verse with another verse — and Allah knows well what He reveals – they say, ―You are but a forger. The fact rather is that most of them are ignorant. (Verse: 16:101)

It has been mentioned in the query that the dietary and Sabbath laws mentioned in Verses 16:114-119 & Verse 16:124 are contradicted in Verse 16:101, whereas, no reference is made towards dietary laws or Sabbath laws in this Verse. However, if the questioner still feels that there is a contradiction, he could always write back to us with further clarification to the contradiction.

5. Explanation on Verses of qisas (retaliation) and blood money.

The following Verses of the Holy Quran have been referred to in the query:

يا أيها الذين آمنوا كتب عليكم القصاص في القتلى الحر بالحر والعبد بالعبد والأنثى بالأنثى فمن عفي له من أخيه شيء فاتباع بالمعروف وأداء إليه بإحسان ذلك تخفيف من ربكم ورحمة فمن اعتدى بعد ذلك فله عذاب أليم

O you who believe, QiSāS has been prescribed for you in the case of murdered people: The freeman (will be killed) for the freeman, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. However, if one is somewhat forgiven by his brother, the recourse (of the latter) is to pursue the former (for blood money) with fairness, and the obligation (of the former) is to pay (it) to the latter in a nice way. That is a relief from your Lord, and a mercy. So, whoever transgresses after all that will have a painful punishment. (Verse: 2:178)

ولا تقتلوا النفس التي حرم الله إلا بالحق ومن قتل مظلوما فقد جعلنا لوليه سلطانا فلا يسرف في القتل إنه كان منصورا

Do not kill any person the life of whom is sanctified by Allah, except for a just reason. And whoever is killed unjustly, We have invested his heir with authority (of equal retaliation), but he must not cross the limit in the matter of killing. Surely, he will be helped. (Verse: 17:33)

It has been mentioned in the query that there is a change in the laws of retaliation, but the nature of the change in the laws has not been explained. The laws of retaliation mentioned in both the Verses do not differ from each other. There is a possibility that the questioner understood from Verse 2:178 that the heirs to the person murdered have the right only to pursue blood money from the murderer, whilst it is apparent in Verse 17:33 that the heirs have the right to equal retaliation. This in fact is incorrect; as it is clearly mentioned in Verse 2:178 that the heirs have the right to pursue blood money only if they overlook the right of qisas (i.e. the right to equal retaliation). The words mentioned at the beginning of the Verse, translated as, “QiSāS has been prescribed for you in the case of murdered people”, proves that the heirs have the right to equal retaliation. Verse 17:33 also portrays the same meaning. The only difference is that the scenario when the heirs wish to forgive qisas is not mentioned in this Verse, as it is not necessary that every ruling of retaliation be mentioned whenever the laws of retaliation are mentioned.

6. Was the world created in 6 days or 8 days?

The following Verses, referred to in the query, clearly state that the earth and the skies were created in six days:

إن ربكم الله الذي خلق السماوات والأرض في ستة أيام ثم استوى على العرش يغشي الليل النهار يطلبه حثيثا والشمس والقمر والنجوم مسخرات بأمره ألا له الخلق والأمر تبارك الله رب العالمين

Surely, your Lord is Allah who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then He positioned himself on the Throne. He covers the day with the night that pursues it swiftly. (He created) the sun and the moon and the stars, subjugated to His command. Lo! To Him alone belong the creation and the command. Glorious is Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. (Verse: 7:54)

الذي خلق السماوات والأرض وما بينهما في ستة أيام ثم استوى على العرش الرحمن فاسأل به خبيرا

The One who created in six days the heavens and the earth and whatever lies between them, then He positioned Himself on the Throne. (He is) the RaHmān (the All-Merciful, Allah). So ask about Him someone who knows. (Verse: 25:59)

الله الذي خلق السماوات والأرض وما بينهما في ستة أيام ثم استوى على العرش ما لكم من دونه من ولي ولا شفيع أفلا تتذكرون

Allah is the One who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six days, then He positioned Himself on the Throne. Other than Him, there is neither a guardian for you, nor an intercessor. Would you then not observe the advice? (Verse: 32:4)

The scholars of the Islamic religion are unanimous on the fact that the earth and the skies were created in six days. One may raise a question here as to why Allah Ta’ala created the heavens and the earth in six days when Allah Ta’ala has the power to create the whole universe in a single moment, as understood from Verse 36:82 of the Holy Quran which means that when Allah Ta’ala intends to create a thing, for it He says, “Be”, and it comes to being. This question has been answered by one of the companions of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), Sa’eed bin Jubair (Radhiyallahu Anhu[6]). He says that Allah Ta’ala is certainly capable of creating everything there is in a single moment; but the Divine wisdom demanded that the creation of the universe takes six days, to teach human beings the lesson of gradual procession and perfection in running the universal system. The implication is that the attitude of haste is not good for human beings.

(Ma’ariful Quran (English Translation) Vol.3 Pg.595 – Maktab-e-Darul ‘Uloom Karachi))

As far as Verses 41:9-12, mentioned in the query, are concerned, they also prove that the heavens and the earth were created in six days.

قل أئنكم لتكفرون بالذي خلق الأرض في يومين وتجعلون له أندادا ذلك رب العالمين . وجعل فيها رواسي من فوقها وبارك فيها وقدر فيها أقواتها في أربعة أيام سواء للسائلين . ثم استوى إلى السماء وهي دخان فقال لها وللأرض ائتيا طوعا أو كرها قالتا أتينا طائعين . فقضاهن سبع سموات في يومين وأوحى في كل سماء أمرها وزينا السماء الدنيا بمصابيح وحفظا ذلك تقدير العزيز العليم .

Say, ―Do you really disbelieve in the One who has created the earth in two days, and ascribe to Him partners? That is the Lord of the worlds. He has placed firm mountains in it (the earth) towering above it, and put blessings in it, and proportioned its foods therein, in four days, equal for those who ask. Then He turned straight to the sky, while it was a smoke, and said to it and to the earth, ―Come (to My obedience), both of you, willingly or unwillingly. Both said, ―We come willingly. So He accomplished them as seven skies in two days, and settled in every sky its (due) thing. And We have decorated the closest sky with lamps, and protected it properly. All this is the determination of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing. (Verse: 41:9-12)

The commentators of the Holy Quran mention that the four days mentioned in the 10th Verse is inclusive of the two days mentioned in the 9th Verse; i.e. the total number of days taken to create the earth, mountains, etc. is four days. Out of them two days were spent in creating the earth and the other two in creating the mountains, etc. Such statements are better understood by those who are well acquainted with the Arabic language. In the Arabic language, if one says, “I travelled from Basra to Baghdad in ten days, and I travelled to Kufa in fifteen days”, it does not mean that his total journey was equal to 25 days, but it means that the fifteen days it took him to travel to Kufa was inclusive of the ten days it took him to travel from Basra to Baghdad.

One may then argue that it would have been more appropriate if the creation of mountains, etc. were also mentioned in two days, thus it would have been known that the total number of days taken for the creation of the earth and mountains, etc. was four days. Such an argument could only be made by a person who is not well acquainted with the Arabic language and its specialities. A person who has mastered the Arabic language would know that if the creation of the mountains, etc. were also mentioned in two days, it would not bring out the meaning that the two days were spent only in the creation of these mountains and no other work was done during this time. For example, when one says that I did a certain work in two days, it does not necessarily mean that the entire two days were spent in this work. There is a possibility that some other work was also done at the same time. Therefore, after mentioning the creation of the earth and the creation of the mountains, etc, Allah Ta’ala mentions that four days were spent in their creation, to bring out the meaning that the four days were spent entirely in the creation of the earth and mountains, etc. and no other work was done during this time.

(Tafseer al-Fakhr al-Razi Vol.14 Part 1 Pg.104 – Dar al-Fikr)

7. If there is no compulsion in Islam, why are non-Muslims killed?

The following verses have been referred to in the query, and it is claimed that the first Verse mentioned hereunder is in contradiction with the other Verses mentioned thereafter:

لا إكراه في الدين قد تبين الرشد من الغي فمن يكفر بالطاغوت ويؤمن بالله فقد استمسك بالعروة الوثقى لا انفصام لها والله سميع عليم

There is no compulsion in Faith. The correct way has become distinct from the erroneous. Now, whoever rejects the Tāghūt (the Rebel, the Satan) and believes in Allah has a firm grasp on the strongest ring that never breaks. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (Verse: 2:256)

فإذا انسلخ الأشهر الحرم فاقتلوا المشركين حيث وجدتموهم وخذوهم واحصروهم واقعدوا لهم كل مرصد فإن تابوا وأقاموا الصلاة وآتوا الزكاة فخلوا سبيلهم إن الله غفور رحيم

So, when the sacred months expire, kill the Mushriks wherever you find them, and catch them and besiege them and sit in ambush for them everywhere. Then, if they repent and establish Salāh and pay Zakāh, leave their way. Surely, Allah is most Forgiving, Very-Merciful. (Verse: 9:5)

فإذا لقيتم الذين كفروا فضرب الرقاب حتى إذا أثخنتموهم فشدوا الوثاق فإما منا بعد وإما فداء حتى تضع الحرب أوزارها ذلك ولو يشاء الله لانتصر منهم ولكن ليبلو بعضكم ببعض والذين قتلوا في سبيل الله فلن يضل أعمالهم

So, when you encounter those who disbelieve, then (aim at) smiting the necks, until when you have broken their strength thoroughly, then tie fast the bond, (by making them captives). Then choose (to release them) either (as) a favour (shown to them,), or (after receiving) ransom, until the war throws down its load of arms. That (is Our command.) If Allah willed, He would have (Himself) subjected them to retribution, but (Allah ordered you to fight,) so that He may test some of you through some others. And those who are killed in Allah‘s way, He will never let their deeds go to waste. (Verse: 47:4)

وقاتلوهم حتى لا تكون فتنة ويكون الدين كله لله فإن انتهوا فإن الله بما يعملون بصير

And fight them until there is no Fitnah (mischief), and total obedience becomes for Allah. So, if they desist, then, Allah is indeed watchful over what they do. (Verse: 8:39)

قاتلوا الذين لا يؤمنون بالله ولا باليوم الآخر ولا يحرمون ما حرم الله ورسوله ولا يدينون دين الحق من الذين أوتوا الكتاب حتى يعطوا الجزية عن يد وهم صاغرون

Fight those People of the Book who do not believe in Allah, nor in the Last Day, and do not take as unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have declared as unlawful, and do not profess the Faith of Truth; (fight them) until they pay jizyah with their own hands while they are subdued. (Verse: 9:29)

In reality there is no contradiction between the abovementioned Verses. The last four Verses mentioned above refer to qital (fighting in the way of Allah for the elevation of Islam), commonly known as jihad. The purpose of qital is not to force people into accepting Islam, but rather, it is to remove strife and disorder, which is what the disbelievers are trying to attain. Allah Ta’ala mentions in the Holy Quran:

ويسعون في الأرض فسادا والله لا يحب المفسدين

They run about on the earth spreading mischief, and Allah does not like the mischief-makers. (Verse: 5:64)

It is understood from the abovementioned Verse that Allah Ta’ala dislikes strife and disorder. It is for this reason that Allah Almighty has ordained that the strife and disorder created by the disbelievers should be removed by qital. The wisdom behind waging war with such people is like the killing of serpents, scorpions and their harmful likes.

Moreover, Islam has strictly banned killing of women, children, the aged, crippled, etc, as they generally do not create mischief. Similarly, Islam prevents killing of those disbelievers who promise to pay jizyah (compensatory dues paid by free non-Muslims under Muslim rule against guarantee of the security of their life, property and honour) and abide by the Laws of the Islamic state. Had the object been to force people towards Islam, why would there be Islamic injunctions of jizyah to provide an umbrella of security for the disbelievers?

This approach of Islam makes it clear that it does not force people to enter and accept Islam, but rather uses qital as a method of stopping oppression in the world, in order to establish justice, equity, peace and security.

The fact is that coercion and compulsion to make one accept Islam is not possible at all, as faith is something related to the heart and not to the outward physical response. Qital can affect the physical state of a person, but cannot change one’s heart. Therefore, it is not possible to force people to accept Islam through qital.

(Ma’ariful Quran (English Translation) Vol.1 Pg.639 – Maktab-e-Darul ‘Uloom Karachi)

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L'ultima modifica di Sufi Aqa il Ven Mar 07, 2014 1:42 am, modificato 1 volta
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MessaggioInviato: Ven Mar 07, 2014 1:38 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

II Parte

8. Allah curses liars, but Muhammad broke his oath?

Islam forbids one from breaking his oath, and there is a penalty set for those who break their oath. Allah Ta’ala mentions in the Holy Quran:

لا يؤاخذكم الله باللغو في أيمانكم ولكن يؤاخذكم بما عقدتم الأيمان فكفارته إطعام عشرة مساكين من أوسط ما تطعمون أهليكم أو كسوتهم أو تحرير رقبة فمن لم يجد فصيام ثلاثة أيام ذلك كفارة أيمانكم إذا حلفتم واحفظوا أيمانكم كذلك يبين الله لكم آياته لعلكم تشكرون

Allah does not hold you accountable for your laghw (ineffectual) oaths, but He does hold you accountable for the oath with which you have bound yourself. Its expiation is to feed ten poor persons at an average of what you feed your family with, or to clothe them, or to free a slave. However, if someone cannot afford, he has to fast for three days. That is expiation for the oaths that you have sworn. Take care of your oaths. That is how Allah makes His signs clear to you, so that you may be grateful. (Verse: 5:89)

However, the following is also stated in the Narrations of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam):

من حلف على يمين فرأى غيرها خيرا منها فليأتها وليكفر عن يمينه (رواه مسلم)

If one takes an oath, but realises that breaking the oath is better (in regards to following the laws of Islam or fulfilling the rights of another brother, not in regards to his own worldly benefit) than fulfilling it, then he should rather break the oath and pay the penalty. (Muslim)

We understand from the abovementioned, that although Islam forbids breaking an oath, it also keeps in mind the greater benefits, and permits one to break his oath for a greater benefit. This does not prove contradiction in the Laws of Islam, but rather proves that Islam considers things in a wider spectrum, and facilitates laws for all situations.

The following Verses of the Holy Quran have been referred to in the query:

يا أيها النبي لم تحرم ما أحل الله لك تبتغي مرضاة أزواجك والله غفور رحيم . قد فرض الله لكم تحلة أيمانكم والله مولاكم وهو العليم الحكيم

O Prophet, why do you ban (on your self) something that Allah has made lawful for you, seeking to please your wives? And Allah is Most-Forgiving, Very-Merciful. [66:2] Allah has prescribed (the way of) absolution from your oaths. And Allah is your protector, and He is the All- Knowing, the All-Wise. (Verse: 66:1-2)

The abovementioned Verse was revealed when the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) took an oath to abstain from honey, for the pleasure of some of His wives. Herein, Allah Ta’ala commanded the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) to absolve from his oath, as he had banned upon himself something that was lawful. This proves that that the breaking of the oath was for the greater benefit. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) then freed a slave upon breking his oath. If the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had not absolved himself from his oath, Muslims till today would have regarded honey as something undesirable, whereas, it carries a lot of benefits.

9. Did Jesus die or not? Inconsistency between the 2 Verses?

وقولهم إنا قتلنا المسيح عيسى ابن مريم رسول الله وما قتلوه وما صلبوه ولكن شبه لهم وإن الذين اختلفوا فيه لفي شك منه ما لهم به من علم إلا اتباع الظن وما قتلوه يقينا . بل رفعه الله إليه وكان الله عزيزا حكيما .

And for their saying, ―We have certainly killed the MasīH ‗Īsā the son of Maryam, the Messenger of Allah, while in fact they did neither kill him, nor crucify him, but they were deluded by resemblance. Those who disputed in this matter are certainly in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it, but they follow whims. It is absolutely certain that they did not kill him, but Allah lifted him towards Himself. Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Verse: 4:157/8)

The abovementioned Verses, referred to in the query, are clear statements of the Holy Quran in regards to the crucifixion of Esa (‘Alaihissalam). They clearly states that Esa (‘Alaihissalam) was neither crucified nor murdered, but Allah Ta’ala lifted him towards Himself. It is compulsory upon each and every Muslim to believe that Esa (‘Alaihissalam) was not crucified, but Allah Ta’ala lifted him towards the sky. Any belief contrary to this is incorrect, and the person having such a belief will not be regarded as a Muslim. However, Allah Ta’ala will send Esa (‘Alaihissalam) back to the earth, and this time he will face death like all human beings do, as is understood from the Verse mentioned hereunder, referred to in the query.

والسلام علي يوم ولدت ويوم أموت ويوم أبعث حيا

And peace is upon me the day I was born, the day I shall die, and the day I shall be raised alive again. (Verse; 19:33)

The words translated as “the day I shall die”, mentioned in this Verse, refer to the death of Esa (‘Alaihissalam) after he will be sent back to this earth. Similarly, the words translated as “the day I will be raised alive again” refer to his resurrection on the Day of Judgement. This proves that there is no contradiction between the Verses mentioned in the query, as claimed in the query.

10. Is adultery worse than homosexuality?

The following Verse of the Holy Quran has been referred to in the query:

واللذان يأتيانها منكم فآذوهما فإن تابا وأصلحا فأعرضوا عنهما إن الله كان توابا رحيما

Those two of you who commit it, chastise both of them. However, if they repent and make amends, then, overlook them. Surely, Allah is Most-Relenting, Very-Merciful.

(Verse: 4:16)

The words translated as “chastise both of them”, in the abovementioned Verse, refer to the verbal and physical punishment that should be implied upon those fulfilling their carnal desires unnaturally. Verbal punishment would refer to taunting and scolding the convicted for his shameful act. As far as the nature of the physical punishment is concerned, the scholars of Islamic Jurisprudence state that the Judge may stipulate any form of corporal punishment when the offence is committed for the first time. This punishment may be more severe than the punishment stipulated for adultery, mentioned in Verse 24:2 of the Quran, referred to in the query. However, if the offence is committed for the second time, then the convicted will face capital punishment.

(Anwar al-Bayan Vol.2 Pg.367 – Zam Zam Publishers)

The words translated as “However, if they repent and make amends, then overlook them”, in the Verse mentioned above, do not mean that they will not be punished at all if they repent, as claimed in the query; but they refer to the discontinuation of the verbal punishment when the convicted repents sincerely and portrays good actions in the future.

(Nazm al-Durar Vol.2 Pg.226 – Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah)

(Al-Futuhat al-Ulhiyyah Vol.2 Pg.27 – Dar al-Fikr)

11. Mourning period of a widow, 1 year or 4 months and 10 days?

The following Verses of the Holy Quran have been referred to in the query:

والذين يتوفون منكم ويذرون أزواجا يتربصن بأنفسهن أربعة أشهر وعشرا فإذا بلغن أجلهن فلا جناح عليكم فيما فعلن في أنفسهن بالمعروف والله بما تعملون خبير

Those among you who pass away and leave wives behind, their wives keep themselves waiting for four months and ten days. So, when they have reached (the end of) their waiting period, there is no sin on you in what they do for themselves in recognized manner. Allah is All-Aware of what you do. (Verse: 2:234)

والذين يتوفون منكم ويذرون أزواجا وصية لأزواجهم متاعا إلى الحول غير إخراج فإن خرجن فلا جناح عليكم في ما فعلن في أنفسهن من معروف والله عزيز حكيم

Those among you who pass away and leave wives behind are (commanded) to make a will in favour of their wives to be maintained for one year without being expelled (from husband‘s home). Then, if they move out, there is no sin on you in what they have done for themselves according to the fair practice. Allah is Mighty, Wise. (Verse: 2:240)

The first Verse mentioned above is a clear injunction of the Holy Quran regarding the length of ‘iddat (waiting period) of a woman, upon the demise of her husband. Therefore, the scholars of the Islam unanimously agree that it is obligatory upon every woman to spend four months and ten days in ‘iddat, upon the demise of her husband.

The second Verse mentioned above is not in regards to ‘iddat, but it commands men to make a will in favour of their wives, allowing them to use the facilities of their husbands’ homes for a period of one year, after the demise of their husbands. This Verse was revealed when the injunctions of inheritance were still not revealed, and the shares of the wife or any other heirs were yet not determined. It was made obligatory that a woman should be allowed to live in the premises of her late husband’s house for one full year and be given maintenance during this period out of what had been left behind by the husband, if she so desires. The aforementioned Verse instructs the husbands to make wills to this effect. Since this was the right of the woman, she was allowed to receive it or leave it, and was permitted to leave her late husband’s house after the expiry of her ‘iddat (i.e. after four months and ten days). The other heirs did not have the right to evict her out of the house against her will. However, after the injunctions of inheritance were revealed, the wife received her ordained share, thus the rulings regarding the obligation of such wills were abrogated.

(Ma’ariful Quran (English Translation) Vol.1 Pg.613/4 – Maktab-e-Darul ‘Uloom Karachi)

It is clearly understood from the abovementioned that the ‘one year’ mentioned in Verse 2:240 does not refer to the length of ‘iddat, but refers to the period a woman was allowed to stay in the premises of her husband after his demise; leaving no contradiction between the two Verses referred to in the query.

12. How can the sun set in water?

The following Verse of the Holy Quran is referred to in the query:

حتى إذا بلغ مغرب الشمس وجدها تغرب في عين حمئة ووجد عندها قوما قلنا يا ذا القرنين إما أن تعذب وإما أن تتخذ فيهم حسنا

Until when he reached the point of sunset, he found it setting into a miry spring, and found a people near it. We said, ―O Dhul-Qarnain, either punish them or adopt good behavior with them. (Verse: 18:86)

It is mentioned in the abovementioned Verse that Dhul Qarnain saw the sun setting into a miry spring. This does not refer to the literal meaning, but merely means that an onlooker perceived it as setting into the spring, as there was no habitation or dry land in sight. This is similar to being in an open field during sunset, as the person looking at the sun would feel that the sun was sinking into the land mass.

(Ma’ariful Quran (English Translation) Vol.5 Pg.654 – Maktab-e-Darul ‘Uloom Karachi)

It has been proven the fact mentioned in the abovementioned Verse is not in correct, but, as we have clarified at the beginning, doubts of this kind arise in the minds of those whose disbelief has drained them of all power to see things in a proper perspective.

13. How can stars hit the devils?

The following verses are referred to in the query:

ولقد زينا السماء الدنيا بمصابيح وجعلناها رجوما للشياطين وأعتدنا لهم عذاب السعير

And We have decorated the nearest sky with lamps, and have made them devices to stone the devils, and We have prepared for them the punishment of Hell. (Verse: 67:5)

وأنه كان رجال من الإنس يعوذون برجال من الجن فزادوهم رهقا . وأنهم ظنوا كما ظننتم أن لن يبعث الله أحدا . وأنا لمسنا السماء فوجدناها ملئت حرسا شديدا وشهبا . وأنا كنا نقعد منها مقاعد للسمع فمن يستمع الآن يجد له شهابا رصدا .

And that some guys (persons) from human beings used to seek refuge with some guys (persons) of the Jinn, and thus they increased them (the Jinns) in arrogance, and that they (humans) thought as you (O Jinns) thought that Allah will never resurrect anyone, and that we sought (to reach) the sky, but we found it filled with stern guards and flames, and that we used to sit at places therein to listen; but if one will (try to) listen now, he will find a flame in ambush for him. (Verse: 72: 6-9)

The abovementioned Verses do not suggest that the flames that are shot at the devils are actually stars. The term masabih mentioned in Verse 67:5, translated as lamps, does not necessarily denote an astronomical star, but could refer to any fiery ember in the sky. Since both stars and meteors qualify as fiery embers, the Verse would mean that both the stars and meteors are used to decorate the skies. From amongst them, only the meteors, termed as shooting stars, are used to stone the devils, whilst the stars themselves remain intact in their positions. No explicit mention of realistic stars (e.g. the word najm) is made in the ayah to produce a contradiction

Futhermore, the Holy Quran is not a book of astronomy to be used primarily in determining astronomical data, but is a Book of Guidance for the whole of mankind. Nevertheless, even if the Quran contradicts any fact mentioned through astronomical research, a true Muslim will believe in what is mentioned in the Quran and will reject the facts acquired through astronomical research. Astronomical facts have been proven incorrect and been replaced by a later research on many occasions in the past, but no man till today has been able to prove that a false statement was made in the Quran.

14. What is the function of mountains on earth?

The fact mentioned in the query, that mountain ranges are a result of the collision of tectonic plates, is proven through scientific research. However, this fact does not contradict the Verses of the Holy Quran referred to in the query, but, in fact, supports what the Quran has mentioned in regards to mountains in the aforementioned Verses. Consider the following article authored by the famous thinker Harun Yahya:

THE FUNCTION OF MOUNTAINS

The Qur’an draws attention to a very important geological function of mountains:

We placed firmly embedded mountains on the earth, so it would not move under them… (Verse: 21:31)

The verse states that mountains perform the function of preventing shocks in the Earth. This fact was not known by anyone at the time the Qur’an was revealed. It was, in fact, brought to light only recently, as a result of the findings of modern geological research.

Formerly, it was thought that mountains were merely protrusions rising above the surface of the Earth. However, scientists realised that this was not actually the case, and that those parts known as the mountain root extended down as far as 10-15 times their own height. With these features, mountains play a similar role to a nail or peg firmly holding down a tent. For example, Mount Everest, the summit of which stands approximately 9 km above the surface of the Earth, has a root deeper than 125 km.

Mountains emerge as a result of the movements and collisions of massive plates forming the Earth’s crust. When two plates collide, the stronger one slides under the other, the one on the top bends and forms heights and mountains. The layer beneath proceeds under the ground and makes a deep extension downward. Consequently, as stated earlier, mountains have a portion stretching downwards, as large as their visible parts on the Earth.

In a scientific text, the structure of mountains is described as follows:

Where continents are thicker, as in mountain ranges, the crust sinks deeper into the mantle.

Professor Siaveda, a world-renowned underwater geologist, made the following comment in reference to the way that mountains have root-like stalks attaching them to the surface:

The fundamental difference between continental mountains and the oceanic mountains lies in its material… But the common denominator on both mountains is that they have roots to support the mountains. In the case of continental mountains, light-low density material from the mountain is extended down into the earth as a root. In the case of oceanic mountains, there is also light material supporting the mountain as a root… Therefore, the function of the roots is to support the mountains according to the law of Archimedes.

Furthermore, a book titled Earth, by Dr. Frank Press, former president of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, which is still used as a text book in a great many universities, states that mountains are like stakes, and are buried deep under the surface of the Earth.

In other verses, this role of the mountains is pointed out by a comparison with “pegs”:

Have We not made the earth as a bed and the mountains its pegs? (Qur’an, 78:6-7)

In another verse it is revealed that Allah “made the mountains firm.” (Qur’an, 79:32) The word “arsaha” in this verse means “was made rooted, was fixed, was nailed to the earth.” Similarly, mountains extend to the surface layer joining lines on and below the surface, and nail these together. By fixing the Earth’s crust they prevent any sliding over the magma layer or amongst the layers themselves. In short, mountains can be compared to nails holding strips of wood together. The fixing effect of mountains is known as isostasy in scientific literature. Isostasy is the state of equilibrium between the upward force created by the mantle layer and the downward force created by the Earth’s crust. As mountains lose mass due to erosion, soil loss or melting of glaciers, they can gain mass from the formation of glaciers, volcanic explosions or soil formation. Therefore, as mountains grow lighter they are pressed upwards by the raising force implemented by the liquids. Alternatively, as they grow heavier they are pressed into the mantle by the force of gravity. Equilibrium between these two forces is established by isostasy. This balancing property of mountains is described in these terms in a scientific source:

G.B Airy in 1855 suggested that the crust of the earth could be likened to rafts of timber floating on water. Thick pieces of timber float higher above the water surface than thin pieces and similarly thick sections of the earth’s crust will float on a liquid or plastic substratum of greater density. Airy was suggesting that mountains have a deep root of lower density rock which the plains lack. Four years after Airy published his work, J.H Pratt offered an alternative hypothesis… By this hypothesis rock columns below mountains must have a lower density, because of their greater length, than shorter rock columns beneath plains. Both Airy and Pratt’s hypothesis imply that surface irregularities are balanced by differences in density of rocks below the major features (mountains and plains) of the crust. This state of BALANCE is described as the concept of ISOSTASY.

Today, we know that the rocky external layer of the Earth’s surface is riven by deep faults and split into plates swimming above the molten lava. Since the Earth revolves very quickly around its own axis, were it not for the fixing effect of the mountains, these plaques would shift. In such an event, soil would not collect on the Earth’s surface, water would not accumulate in the soil, no plants could grow, and no roads or houses could be built. In short, life on Earth would be impossible. Through the mercy of Allah, however, mountains act like nails, and to a large extent, prevent movement in the Earth’s surface.

We subjected the mountains to glorify [Allah] with him in the evening and at sunrise. (Qur’an, 38:18)

He cast firmly embedded mountains on the earth so it would not move under you, and rivers and pathways so that hopefully you would be guided. (Qur’an, 16:15)

This vital role of mountains, which has been discovered by modern geological and seismic research, was revealed in the Qur’an centuries ago as an example of the supreme wisdom in Allah’s creation.

… [He] cast firmly embedded mountains on the earth so that it would not move under you… (Qur’an, 31:10)

(Extracted from Miracles of the Quran by Harun Yahya)

The abovementioned mentioned article clearly proves that there is no contradiction between the mountain ranges being a result of the collision of tectonic plates and the mountains being a means of stabilizing the earth and preventing it from shaking.

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L'ultima modifica di Sufi Aqa il Ven Mar 07, 2014 1:41 am, modificato 1 volta
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MessaggioInviato: Ven Mar 07, 2014 1:39 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

III Parte

15. Was Muhammad influenced in any way, by any one?

The following Verses of the Holy Quran have been referred to in the query:

وإذا بدلنا آية مكان آية والله أعلم بما ينزل قالوا إنما أنت مفتر بل أكثرهم لا يعلمون . قل نزله روح القدس من ربك بالحق ليثبت الذين آمنوا وهدى وبشرى للمسلمين . ولقد نعلم أنهم يقولون إنما يعلمه بشر لسان الذي يلحدون إليه أعجمي وهذا لسان عربي مبين .

Whenever We replace a verse with another verse — and Allah knows well what He reveals – they say, ―You are but a forger. The fact rather is that most of them are ignorant. Say, ―This has been brought down by RūH-ul-Qudus (the Holy Spirit-Jibra‘īl) from your Lord rightly (as due), so that it may bring firmness to the believers and become guidance and good news for the Muslims. We know well that they say, ―There is a man who teaches him. The language of the one they refer to is non-Arabic while this is clear Arabic language. (Verse: 16:101-103)

The answers to the objections made in the query, can be found in the very same Verses referred to in the query; as the aforementioned Verses of the Quran do not only mention the accusations made by the disbelievers upon the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), but also mention the refutation made by Allah Ta’ala against these accusations.

Verse 16:101 refers to the accusation made by the disbelievers that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had forged the Quran. Allah Ta’ala refutes the accusation in the same Verse and the one preceding it that these accusations have been made only due to ignorance, as the truth is that this Quran has been reveled rightly unto the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) by Allah Ta’ala through the medium of Jibrail (‘Alaihissalam).

Verse 16:103 refers to the accusation made by the disbelievers that the words of the Quran preached by the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) are actually the words taught to Him by another person and not the words of Allah. Allah Ta’ala refutes this accusation in the same Verse by saying that the person whom these disbelievers refer to is from a foreign land and is not well versed in the Arabic language, then how is it possible that he taught the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) the words of the Quran which is in the Arabic language.

Muslim scholars hold different views in regards to the person referred to in the aforementioned Verse. One of the authentic views regarding this person is that he was a Roman slave in Makkah named Bal’am and the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used to teach him about Islam. The disbelievers of Makkah saw this and accused the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) of acquiring the Quran from this slave. Some scholars have stated that the person referred to in the aforementioned Verse was Salman al-Farsi (the Persian) (Radhiyallahu Anhu[7]). This view is incorrect, as Salman al-Farsi (Radhiyallahu Anhu) met the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and accepted Islam at his hands in Madinah, after the migration of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) from Makkah (termed in Arabic as Hijrah), and the incident under discussion took place in Makkah before migration.

(Ruh al-Ma’ani Vol.7 Pg.468 – Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah)

The claim made by the historians, mentioned in the query, that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was accused of being influenced with regards to Zoroastrian religion is futile and baseless; as it is clearly understood from the aforementioned Verse of the Holy Quran that the accusation made by the disbelievers was that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) learnt the words of the Quran from this person, not that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was influenced by his religion.

16. Did Muhammad marry another man’s wife?

Answers to the objections made in the query are mentioned in the very same Verse referred to in the query, mentioned hereunder:

وإذ تقول للذي أنعم الله عليه وأنعمت عليه أمسك عليك زوجك واتق الله وتخفي في نفسك ما الله مبديه وتخشى الناس والله أحق أن تخشاه فلما قضى زيد منها وطرا زوجناكها لكي لا يكون على المؤمنين حرج في أزواج أدعيائهم إذا قضوا منهن وطرا وكان أمر الله مفعولا

(Remember) when you (O The Holy Prophet,) were saying to the one who was favored by Allah and favored by you, ―Keep your wife to your self, and fear Allah. And you were concealing in your heart what Allah was going to reveal, and you were fearing people, while Allah is more entitled to be feared by you. So, when Zayd finished his desire for her (divorced her), We gave her into your marriage, so that there may not be a problem for the believers in marrying wives of their adopted sons, when they finish their desire for them; and Allah‘s decree had to be enforced. (Verse: 33:37)

It is clearly stated in the Verse, that Allah Ta’ala gave Zaynab (Radhiyallahu Anha[8]) into the marriage of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) only after Zayd (Radhiyallahu Anhu) had already divorced her. Thus, it would be incorrect to say that Allah Ta’ala gave Zaynab (Radhiyallahu Anha) into the marriage of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) whilst she was the only wife of Zayd (Radhiyallahu Anhu).

Moreover, the object of giving Zaynab (Radhiyallahu Anha) into the marriage of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) is also mentioned in the abovementioned Verse, the translation of which is, “so that there may not be a problem for the believers in marrying wives of their adopted sons”. To understand this statement, it is important to know that the pagan Arabs had an erroneous notion that it was unlawful to marry the divorced wife of an adopted son. This custom had been carrying on amongst those people for ages, and the only possible way to eradicate such a custom was to implement it practically and demonstrate it openly. Therefore, Allah Ta’ala himself gave Zaynab (Radhiyallahu Anha) into the marriage of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), to refute this evil custom and dispel it practically and openly.

Thereafter, Allah Ta’ala responds, in the very next Verse mentioned hereunder, to the doubts that could be created in the wake of this marriage, particularly about why so much concern was shown in the case of this marriage despite there being other wives in the household of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Allah Ta’ala mentions:

ما كان على النبي من حرج فيما فرض الله له سنة الله في الذين خلوا من قبل وكان أمر الله قدرا مقدورا

There is no problem for the Holy Prophet in (doing) what Allah has prescribed for him, a customary practice of Allah in the case of those who have gone before – and Allah‘s command is pre-determined by destiny (Verse: 33:38)

Allah Ta’ala clarifies in the abovementioned Verse, that this a customary practice of Allah Ta’ala, not restricted to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), but it has continued to be so in the case of earlier Prophets (‘Alaihimussalam) as well; i.e. under the dictate of beneficial religious considerations, permission of multiple marriages was given to the Prophets (‘Alaihimussalam) in the past as well, namely, Dawood (‘Alaihissalam) and Sulaiman (‘Alaihissalam). Therefore, it is neither contrary to the status and dignity of a Prophet or a Messenger, nor is it against the norms of piety.

The wisdom of the permissibility of multiple marriages to The Holy Prophets (‘Alaihimussalam) is also explained by some scholars. They explain that it was the duty of the Prophets (‘Alaihimussalam) to convey the message of Allah Ta’ala to their followers, and all their sayings and doings must necessarily reach their community. A substantial part of a man’s life is spent in the house, where his wife and children are present. During this time, any order given by the Prophet or any action done by the Prophet could only be recorded by the wives of this Prophet, and the wives in turn can transfer it to the communities. Moreover, it would be easier and more appropriate for a Prophet to convey rulings regarding womenfolk through his wife, than conveying directly to a strange woman. This was witnessed in the wives of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), wherein, majority of the Laws of Islam regarding womenfolk and domestic lifestyle had been recorded by the wives of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Similarly, the womenfolk of Madinah approached the wives of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) in regards to questions regarding menses, etc.

(Ma’ariful Quran (English Translation) Vol.8 Pg.538 – Maktab-e-Darul ‘Uloom Karachi)

17. Is there sex in the Quran?

The following Verses of the Holy Quran have been referred to in the query:

متكئين فيها يدعون فيها بفاكهة كثيرة وشراب . وعندهم قاصرات الطرف أتراب .

They will be relaxing in it, calling there for plenteous fruits and drinks; and in their company there will be females restricting their glances (to their husbands, and) of matching ages. (Verse: 38:51-52)

كذلك وزوجناهم بحور عين

Thus (it will happen,) and We will marry them with houris having big dark eyes. (Verse: 44:54)

فيهن قاصرات الطرف لم يطمثهن إنس قبلهم ولا جان . فبأي آلاء ربكما تكذبان . كأنهن الياقوت والمرجان . فبأي آلاء ربكما تكذبان .

In them there will be maidens restraining (their) glances, whom neither a man might have touched before them, nor a Jinn. So, which of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? They will look like rubies and corals. So, which of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (Verse: 55:56-59)

فيهن خيرات حسان . فبأي آلاء ربكما تكذبان . حور مقصورات في الخيام . فبأي آلاء ربكما تكذبان . لم يطمثهن إنس قبلهم ولا جان . فبأي آلاء ربكما تكذبان . متكئين على رفرف خضر وعبقري حسان . فبأي آلاء ربكما تكذبان .

In them there will be women, good and gorgeous. So, which of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? The houris, kept guarded in pavilions. So, which of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? Whom neither a man might have touched before them, nor a Jinn. So, which of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (Verse: 55:70-77)

وحور عين

And (for them there will be) houris, having lovely big eyes (Verse: 56:22)

إنا أنشأناهن إنشاء . فجعلناهن أبكارا . عربا أترابا .

Surely We have made up those females in a special creation, and have made them virgins, amorous to their husbands, matching them in age,

In the abovementioned Verses, Allah Ta’ala mentions the bounties of Paradise that will be bestowed upon His righteous servants who had not transgressed His commandments in their lifetime. Amongst these bounties, Allah Ta’ala also mentions the damsels of Paradise, who will be the wives of the true believers in Paradise. Allah Ta’ala also emphasises on the beauty and chastity of these damsels, as these are factors that every man desires for, in his wife. Mentioning these in the Holy Quran neither transgresses the principles of eloquence, nor does it go against the sense of dignity or modesty. The claim made in the query that sex has been emphasised in the abovementioned Verses is a false accusation against the Quran, as it is apparent in the abovementioned Verses that there has been no mention of sex in any of them. We have already mentioned at the very beginning, that doubts of this kind arise only in the minds of those, whose disbelief has drained them of all power to see things in a proper perspective.

Moreover, Islam understands the natural desires of man, and permits him to fulfil his desires through the medium of marriage in this world. In spite of the permissibility of marriage, other distractions may incite man to fulfil his desires in an unlawful manner. Therefore, mention of beautiful and chaste damsels of Paradise is made in the Quran so that man restricts his desires to the lawful mediums permitted in Islam, in the hope to attain these everlasting bounties. As far as monasticism is concerned, it is not encouraged in Islam, like it is encouraged in other religions. Imposing monasticism in some religions has resulted in man fulfilling his carnal desires in unnatural and unlawful ways.

18. Redundancy in the Quran?

The Holy Quran is a Book of Divine guidance; thus, anything mentioned in it cannot be regarded as mindless or unnecessary. Allah Ta’ala repeated the stories of the Prophets (‘Alaihimussalam) of the past as a consolation for the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Allah Ta’ala mentions in the Holy Quran:

وكلا نقص عليك من أنباء الرسل ما نثبت به فؤادك

We narrate to you all such stories from the events of the messengers as We strengthen your heart therewith. (Verse: 11:120)

It is a well known fact that if one is going through difficulties and hard times, incidents of those who went through such difficulties in the past are related to him, in order to console him and strengthen his heart. Similarly, Allah Ta’ala revealed the incidents of the Prophets (‘Alaihimussalam) of the past when the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was going through hardships due to the continuous torment from the infidels of Makkah. The reason why the incidents related to Musa (‘Alaihissalam) were repeated more often is that Musa (‘Alaihissalam) went through more torment and tribulations at the hands of his enemies than any other Prophet of Allah. The incidents related to Musa (‘Alaihissalam) would thus prove to be a better means of consolation to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) than the incident related to any other Prophet of Allah.

(Tafseer al-Fakhr al-Razi Vol.11 Part 2 Pg.15 – Dar al-Fikr)

Secondly, even if an incident is mentioned more than once in the Quran, the details mentioned each time or the words used each time will be somewhat different than the former. Similarly, each an every time an incident is repeated, it teaches us a new lesson; as Allah Ta’ala mentions in the following Verse of the Holy Quran that the incidents of the previous The Holy Prophets (‘Alaihimussalam) and their nations mentioned in the Holy Quran are a means of teaching us a lesson:

أولم يهد للذين يرثون الأرض من بعد أهلها أن لو نشاء أصبناهم بذنوبهم ونطبع على قلوبهم فهم لا يسمعون . تلك القرى نقص عليك من أنبائها ولقد جاءتهم رسلهم بالبينات فما كانوا ليؤمنوا بما كذبوا من قبل كذلك يطبع الله على قلوب الكافرين .

Have all these events still not taught a lesson to those who inherit the land after its (former) inhabitants, that if We so willed, We could afflict them for their sins? But We seal their hearts, so that they do not listen. Those are the towns We narrate to you their important events. Surely their messengers came to them with clear signs, but they were not able to believe in what they had rejected earlier. This is how Allah seals the hearts of the disbelievers. (Verse: 7:101/2)

(Tafseer al-Fakhr al-Razi Vol.7 Part 2 Pg.194 – Dar al-Fikr)

Moreover, even though there is Divine guidance in each and every word of the Quran, one has to be a firm believer to understand this guidance and benefit from it. Consider the following Verse of the Holy Quran:

نتلوا عليك من نبإ موسى وفرعون بالحق لقوم يؤمنون

We recite to you a part of the story of Mūsā and Pharaoh with truth for a people who believe. (Verse: 28:3)

Herein, Allah Ta’ala mentions that the story of Musa (‘Alaihissalam) and Fir’awn has been mentioned in the Quran for the people who believe, even though Quran was sent as a Book of guidance for the whole mankind (believers and disbelievers alike). The reason for this is that Allah Ta’ala knows that it is only the believers that will take guidance and benefit from these stories and incidents, and the disbelievers will treat them as any other story written by man and will not be able to benefit from them, and some of them will even go to the extent of saying that it is just mindless repetition.

(Tafseer al-Fakhr al-Razi Vol.12 Part 2 Pg.226 – Dar al-Fikr)

19. Was Muhammad sinful? Jesus was not.

It is the belief of Muslims that all the Prophets (‘Alaihimussalam) are free of sins, whether it is Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), Esa (‘Alaihissalam), Yunus (‘Alaihissalam) or any other Prophet of Allah. However, it is possible that the Prophets (‘Alaihimussalam) commit such acts that were preferable to refrain from, but, since the Prophets (‘Alaihimussalam) are very close to Allah Ta’ala and most beloved to Him, the slightest lapse on their part is subjected to Allah’s reproach. This is why such acts of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) have been termed as zanb, translated as sins, even though they were only acts that were preferable to refrain from.

In the light of the abovementioned, the answers to the objections mentioned in the query, are mentioned hereunder:

فاصبر إن وعد الله حق واستغفر لذنبك وسبح بحمد ربك بالعشي والإبكار

So, be patient — surely the promise of Allah is true – and seek forgiveness for your sins, and proclaim the purity and praise of your Lord in the afternoon and at dawn. (Verse: 40:55)

فاعلم أنه لا إله إلا الله واستغفر لذنبك وللمؤمنين والمؤمنات والله يعلم متقلبكم ومثواكم

So, be assured that there is no god but Allah, and seek forgiveness for your fault, and for (the faults of) the believing men and believing women. And Allah knows your moving from place to place and your permanent abode. (Verse: 47:19)

إنا فتحنا لك فتحا مبينا . ليغفر لك الله ما تقدم من ذنبك وما تأخر ويتم نعمته عليك ويهديك صراطا مستقيما .

Surely, We have granted you an open victory, so that Allah may forgive you of your previous and subsequent faults, and may complete His favour upon you, and may guide you to a straight path. (Verse: 48:1-2)

The commentators of the Holy Quran state that the word zanb, translated as sins, mentioned in all three of the Verses above refer to either of the following:

• Acts preferable to refrain from (explained above).

• Unpreferable acts committed before Prophethood.

• Repentance from sins merely as an act of worship.

(Tafseer al-Fakhr al-Razi Vol.14 Part 1 Pg.78 – Dar al-Fikr)

وما كان لمؤمن ولا مؤمنة إذا قضى الله ورسوله أمرا أن يكون لهم الخيرة من أمرهم ومن يعص الله ورسوله فقد ضل ضلالا مبينا . وإذ تقول للذي أنعم الله عليه وأنعمت عليه أمسك عليك زوجك واتق الله وتخفي في نفسك ما الله مبديه وتخشى الناس والله أحق أن تخشاه فلما قضى زيد منها وطرا زوجناكها لكي لا يكون على المؤمنين حرج في أزواج أدعيائهم إذا قضوا منهن وطرا وكان أمر الله مفعولا . ما كان على النبي من حرج فيما فرض الله له سنة الله في الذين خلوا من قبل وكان أمر الله قدرا مقدورا .

It is not open for a believing man or a believing woman, once Allah and His messenger have decided a thing, that they should have a choice about their matter; and whoever disobeys Allah and His messenger, he indeed gets off the track, falling into an open error. (Remember) when you (O The Holy Prophet,) were saying to the one who was favored by Allah and favored by you, ―Keep your wife to your self, and fear Allah. And you were concealing in your heart what Allah was going to reveal, and you were fearing people, while Allah is more entitled to be feared by you. So, when Zayd finished his desire for her, We gave her into your marriage, so that there may not be a problem for the believers in marrying wives of their adopted sons, when they finish their desire for them; and Allah‘s decree had to be enforced. There is no problem for the Holy Prophet in (doing) what Allah has prescribed for him, a customary practice of Allah in the case of those who have gone before – and Allah‘s command is pre-determined by destiny (Verse: 33:36-38)

There has been no mention of sin in the abovementioned Verses, referred to in the query. The only objection that could have been made is that Allah Ta’ala addresses the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and mentions, “and you were fearing people, while Allah is more entitled to be feared by you”. To understand the explination of these words, it is necessary to understand the incident preceding the revelation of these Verses.

The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was informed through revelation that Zayd (Radhiyallahu Anhu) would divorce Zaynab (Radhiyallahu Anha), whereafter she would be married to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Zayd (Radhiyallahu Anhu) then presented complaints against Zaynab (Radhiyallahu Anha) before the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and showed his intention to divorce her. Even though the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had come to know through Divine revelation that things would transpire in a way that Zayd (Radhiyallahu Anhu) would divorce her, after which she would be married to Him; it was for two reasons that he stopped Zayd (Radhiyallahu Anhu) from giving a divorce. Firstly, because giving a divorce, though permissible in Islam, is not desirable. In fact, it is the most detested and repungent of things permissible. Secondly, He knew that if Zayd (Radhiyallahu Anhu) gave divorce and Zainab (Radhiyallahu Anha) was married to him consequently, the Arabs would throw taunts on Him that He had married the wife of His son.

What the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said was correct and sound in its place; but, after having learnt through Divine revelation about the event as it would transpire, the advice of not divorcing, given to Zayd (Radhiyallahu Anhu), was not appropriate for someone who had been appointed as the Messenger of Allah. Particularly, because He also apprehended the taunts from the people. As we have mentioned above, the slightest lapse on the part of the Messengers of Allah is subjected to Allah’s reproach. This is the reason why Allah Ta’ala mentioned the aforementioned words in the abovementioned Verses of the Quran.

(Ma’ariful Quran (English Translation) Vol.7 Pg.161 – Maktab-e-Darul ‘Uloom Karachi)

It is understood from the abovementioned, that the status of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and Esa (‘Alaihissalam) is equal in regards to being void of all sins. However, the reason why the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has to be followed and why it will not be correct to follow Esa (‘Alaihissalam) in the present times has been explained in Answer no.3.

20. Did Muhammad marry two sisters at once?

Mariah bint Sham’oon (Qibtiyyah – the Copt) (Radhiyallahu Anha) and her sister Seereen were gifted to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), amongst many other gifts, as slave girls by the Emperor of Egypt at that time, Muqaiqis. The Holy Phrophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) gifted Seereen to Hassaan bin Thabit (Radhiyallahu Anhu) and kept Mariah (Radhiyallahu Anha) for Himself. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) also had a son from Mariah (Radhiyallahu Anha) named Ebrahim (Radhiyallahu Anhu), who passed away as an infant.

(Footnotes of Khulasah Siyar Sayyed al-Bashr Pg.653 – Idarah Shu’un al-Islamiyah, Dawlat Qatr)

Moreover, the Laws of Islamic jurisprudence state that the impermissibility of possessing two slave girls who are sisters is only when the master has intimate relationships with both of them. The abovementioned proves that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) gifted Seereen to Hassaan bin Thabit (Radhiyallahu Anhu) and did not have an intimate relationship with her. This negates the claim made in the query that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had intimate relationship with two sisters at the same time, as claimed in the query.

To end thereof, it is understood from the abovementioned, that the Holy Quran is the Word of Allah and the Words of Allah are free of all discrepancies. Therefore, all attempts to find discrepancies in the Holy Quran are devoid of any benefit and will only result in leading one astray. On the other hand, if one tries to understand the Holy Quran with the intention of benefiting from it, it will be a means of guidance towards the correct path and attaining everlasting success in the Hereafter.

And Allah knows best

Jointly prepared by,

Ml. Abu Yahya & Ml. Talha Desai

Students Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In’aamiyyah

[1] Ta’ala – a phrase mentioned with the name of Allah by Muslims, in His praise. Translation – the Exalted.

[2] All translations of the Verses of the Holy Quran have been taken from ‘Translation of Quran by Shaykh Mufti Taqi Usmani’. Futher elaboration to the translation has been made between brackets in some places for the benefit of the reader.

[3] Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam – a phrase mentioned with the name of Muhammed by Muslims, in His praise. Translation – may the peace and blessings of Allah Ta’ala be upon Him.

[4] ‘Alaihimussalam (plural) – a phrase mentioned with the names of the Prophets of Allah by Muslims in their praise. Translation – peace be upon them.

[5] ‘Alaihissalam (singular) – a phrase mentioned with the names of the Prophets of Allah by Muslims in their praise. Translation – peace be upon him.

[6] Radhiyallahu Anhu (Masculine Singular) – a phrase mentioned with the names of the companions of Muhammed (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), by Muslims, in their praise. Meaning – may Allah Ta’ala be pleased with him.

[7] Radhiyallahu Anhu – a phrase mentioned with the names of the companions of Muhammed (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), by Muslims, in their praise. Meaning – may Allah Ta’ala be pleased with him/her/them.

[8] Radhiyallahu Anhu (Feminine Singular) – a phrase mentioned with the names of the companions of Muhammed (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), by Muslims, in their praise. Meaning – may Allah Ta’ala be pleased with her.

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AbuMuhammad
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MessaggioInviato: Ven Mar 07, 2014 2:52 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

jazākum allāhu khayran


L'ultima modifica di AbuMuhammad il Sab Mar 08, 2014 12:02 am, modificato 1 volta
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AbuMuhammad
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MessaggioInviato: Ven Mar 07, 2014 2:55 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

PS

E di "islamic-awareness" che mi sapresti dire, uguale ad "answering christianity"?
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Sufi Aqa
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MessaggioInviato: Ven Mar 07, 2014 3:46 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

AbuMuhammad ha scritto:
PS

E di "islamic-awareness" che mi sapresti dire, uguale ad "answering christianity"?


No, Islamic Awareness è buono; è pure nella lista di link consigliati dal forum!


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MessaggioInviato: Mer Nov 19, 2014 7:07 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Scusate ma perke quando vado sul link per vedere le risposte nn mi esce il contenuto desiderato.
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AbuMuhammad
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MessaggioInviato: Ven Nov 21, 2014 4:33 pm    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Haroun ha scritto:
Scusate ma perke quando vado sul link per vedere le risposte nn mi esce il contenuto desiderato.

E' evidente che ci sia un qualche problema, comunque il contenuto del suddetto link sulle risposte alle cosiddette contraddizioni del Corano è stato ricopiato pari pari in tre post (belli lunghi) qui sopra; li hai visti?
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FREEPALESTINA
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MessaggioInviato: Mar Feb 02, 2016 9:28 am    Oggetto: Rispondi citando

Per comodità, inserisco nuovamente il link:
Contradictions in the Qur'an? -
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'umar andrea[/quote]
PERCHE QUANDO APRO LA PAGINA MI APPARE UN SITO CINESE?

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